Risk Factors

A healthier America depends on numerous factors, including making changes in lifestyle and health-related behavior and treatments. The risk factor categories below show the baseline projected data for each category and the projected data to achieve the optimistic course in the study.


    Obesity    Smoking    Alcohol    Overweight    Physical Activity    Cholesterol    Air Quality    Illicit Drug Use   
 

Illicit Drug Use

Illicit drug use at a the state level is reported as a percentage of total population. At the national level, we use the number of drug arrests as a proxy for illicit drug use.
    1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
United States Baseline 1.47M 1.46M 1.82M 1.82M 1.94M 2.24M 2.31M 2.64M 3.27M 3.88M 3.14M 2.90M 3.05M 3.17M 3.71M 4.00M 4.03M 4.26M 4.23M 4.25M 4.28M 4.31M 4.32M 4.18M 4.39M 4.69M 4.97M 5.21M 5.39M 5.52M 5.66M 5.81M 5.91M 5.95M 6.01M 6.06M 6.12M 6.17M 6.20M 6.22M 6.23M 6.23M 6.24M 6.24M
  Optimistic 1.47M 1.46M 1.82M 1.82M 1.94M 2.24M 2.31M 2.64M 3.27M 3.88M 3.14M 2.90M 3.05M 3.17M 3.71M 4.00M 4.03M 4.26M 4.23M 4.25M 4.28M 4.31M 4.32M 4.18M 4.39M 4.69M 4.97M 5.21M 5.38M 5.51M 5.60M 5.66M 5.67M 5.68M 5.69M 5.69M 5.69M 5.69M 5.68M 5.67M 5.65M 5.62M 5.59M 5.56M
Alabama Baseline 2.26% 2.24% 2.80% 2.79% 2.99% 3.44% 3.56% 4.07% 5.03% 5.98% 4.83% 4.46% 4.70% 4.87% 5.71% 6.16% 6.20% 6.56% 6.52% 6.54% 6.59% 6.63% 6.62% 6.94% 7.29% 7.78% 8.25% 8.65% 8.94% 9.16% 9.40% 9.64% 9.80% 9.88% 9.97% 10.06% 10.15% 10.24% 10.29% 10.32% 10.33% 10.34% 10.35% 10.36%
  Optimistic 2.26% 2.24% 2.80% 2.79% 2.99% 3.44% 3.56% 4.07% 5.03% 5.98% 4.83% 4.46% 4.70% 4.87% 5.71% 6.16% 6.20% 6.56% 6.52% 6.54% 6.59% 6.63% 6.62% 6.94% 7.29% 7.78% 8.25% 8.64% 8.93% 9.14% 9.30% 9.39% 9.41% 9.42% 9.44% 9.45% 9.45% 9.44% 9.42% 9.41% 9.38% 9.33% 9.28% 9.23%
Alaska Baseline 4.14% 4.11% 5.13% 5.12% 5.47% 6.31% 6.52% 7.46% 9.22% 10.95% 8.85% 8.18% 8.61% 8.93% 10.47% 11.28% 11.37% 12.03% 11.94% 11.98% 12.07% 12.15% 12.01% 11.79% 12.39% 13.21% 14.01% 14.70% 15.19% 15.57% 15.97% 16.37% 16.65% 16.79% 16.94% 17.09% 17.24% 17.40% 17.47% 17.53% 17.55% 17.56% 17.58% 17.59%
  Optimistic 4.14% 4.11% 5.13% 5.12% 5.47% 6.31% 6.52% 7.46% 9.22% 10.95% 8.85% 8.18% 8.61% 8.93% 10.47% 11.28% 11.37% 12.03% 11.94% 11.98% 12.07% 12.15% 12.01% 11.79% 12.39% 13.21% 14.01% 14.68% 15.18% 15.53% 15.80% 15.95% 15.98% 16.01% 16.04% 16.05% 16.05% 16.04% 16.01% 15.98% 15.93% 15.85% 15.77% 15.68%
Arizona Baseline 2.90% 2.88% 3.60% 3.59% 3.84% 4.42% 4.57% 5.23% 6.47% 7.68% 6.21% 5.74% 6.04% 6.26% 7.34% 7.91% 7.97% 8.43% 8.37% 8.40% 8.47% 8.52% 8.87% 8.29% 8.71% 9.29% 9.85% 10.34% 10.68% 10.95% 11.23% 11.51% 11.70% 11.80% 11.91% 12.02% 12.12% 12.23% 12.29% 12.32% 12.34% 12.35% 12.36% 12.37%
  Optimistic 2.90% 2.88% 3.60% 3.59% 3.84% 4.42% 4.57% 5.23% 6.47% 7.68% 6.21% 5.74% 6.04% 6.26% 7.34% 7.91% 7.97% 8.43% 8.37% 8.40% 8.47% 8.52% 8.87% 8.29% 8.71% 9.29% 9.85% 10.33% 10.67% 10.92% 11.11% 11.22% 11.24% 11.26% 11.28% 11.29% 11.28% 11.28% 11.26% 11.23% 11.20% 11.14% 11.09% 11.03%
Arkansas Baseline 2.61% 2.59% 3.24% 3.23% 3.45% 3.98% 4.11% 4.70% 5.81% 6.90% 5.58% 5.16% 5.43% 5.63% 6.60% 7.11% 7.17% 7.58% 7.53% 7.55% 7.61% 7.66% 7.78% 7.54% 7.92% 8.45% 8.96% 9.40% 9.72% 9.96% 10.21% 10.47% 10.65% 10.73% 10.83% 10.93% 11.03% 11.12% 11.18% 11.21% 11.22% 11.23% 11.24% 11.25%
  Optimistic 2.61% 2.59% 3.24% 3.23% 3.45% 3.98% 4.11% 4.70% 5.81% 6.90% 5.58% 5.16% 5.43% 5.63% 6.60% 7.11% 7.17% 7.58% 7.53% 7.55% 7.61% 7.66% 7.78% 7.54% 7.92% 8.45% 8.96% 9.39% 9.71% 9.93% 10.10% 10.20% 10.22% 10.24% 10.26% 10.26% 10.26% 10.26% 10.24% 10.22% 10.19% 10.14% 10.09% 10.03%
California Baseline 3.09% 3.07% 3.84% 3.83% 4.09% 4.71% 4.87% 5.57% 6.89% 8.18% 6.61% 6.11% 6.43% 6.68% 7.82% 8.43% 8.49% 8.99% 8.92% 8.95% 9.02% 9.08% 9.01% 8.92% 9.37% 9.99% 10.60% 11.12% 11.50% 11.78% 12.08% 12.39% 12.59% 12.70% 12.81% 12.93% 13.05% 13.16% 13.22% 13.26% 13.28% 13.29% 13.30% 13.31%
  Optimistic 3.09% 3.07% 3.84% 3.83% 4.09% 4.71% 4.87% 5.57% 6.89% 8.18% 6.61% 6.11% 6.43% 6.68% 7.82% 8.43% 8.49% 8.99% 8.92% 8.95% 9.02% 9.08% 9.01% 8.92% 9.37% 9.99% 10.60% 11.11% 11.48% 11.75% 11.95% 12.07% 12.09% 12.11% 12.14% 12.14% 12.14% 12.13% 12.11% 12.09% 12.05% 11.99% 11.93% 11.87%
Colorado Baseline 3.48% 3.45% 4.31% 4.30% 4.60% 5.30% 5.48% 6.27% 7.75% 9.20% 7.44% 6.87% 7.23% 7.51% 8.80% 9.48% 9.55% 10.11% 10.03% 10.07% 10.15% 10.21% 11.12% 10.18% 10.69% 11.41% 12.09% 12.69% 13.12% 13.44% 13.79% 14.14% 14.37% 14.49% 14.62% 14.76% 14.89% 15.02% 15.09% 15.13% 15.15% 15.17% 15.18% 15.19%
  Optimistic 3.48% 3.45% 4.31% 4.30% 4.60% 5.30% 5.48% 6.27% 7.75% 9.20% 7.44% 6.87% 7.23% 7.51% 8.80% 9.48% 9.55% 10.11% 10.03% 10.07% 10.15% 10.21% 11.12% 10.18% 10.69% 11.41% 12.09% 12.68% 13.11% 13.41% 13.64% 13.78% 13.80% 13.82% 13.85% 13.86% 13.86% 13.85% 13.82% 13.80% 13.75% 13.68% 13.62% 13.54%
Connecticut Baseline 3.09% 3.07% 3.84% 3.83% 4.09% 4.71% 4.87% 5.57% 6.89% 8.18% 6.61% 6.11% 6.43% 6.68% 7.82% 8.43% 8.49% 8.99% 8.92% 8.95% 9.02% 9.08% 8.75% 8.54% 8.97% 9.57% 10.15% 10.65% 11.01% 11.28% 11.57% 11.86% 12.06% 12.16% 12.27% 12.38% 12.49% 12.60% 12.66% 12.70% 12.71% 12.72% 12.73% 12.74%
  Optimistic 3.09% 3.07% 3.84% 3.83% 4.09% 4.71% 4.87% 5.57% 6.89% 8.18% 6.61% 6.11% 6.43% 6.68% 7.82% 8.43% 8.49% 8.99% 8.92% 8.95% 9.02% 9.08% 8.75% 8.54% 8.97% 9.57% 10.15% 10.64% 10.99% 11.25% 11.44% 11.56% 11.57% 11.60% 11.62% 11.63% 11.62% 11.62% 11.60% 11.57% 11.54% 11.48% 11.42% 11.36%
Delaware Baseline 4.23% 4.20% 5.25% 5.24% 5.60% 6.45% 6.67% 7.63% 9.43% 11.20% 9.05% 8.37% 8.81% 9.14% 10.71% 11.54% 11.63% 12.30% 12.22% 12.26% 12.35% 12.43% 11.59% 9.56% 10.04% 10.71% 11.36% 11.92% 12.32% 12.62% 12.95% 13.27% 13.50% 13.61% 13.73% 13.86% 13.98% 14.11% 14.17% 14.21% 14.23% 14.24% 14.26% 14.26%
  Optimistic 4.23% 4.20% 5.25% 5.24% 5.60% 6.45% 6.67% 7.63% 9.43% 11.20% 9.05% 8.37% 8.81% 9.14% 10.71% 11.54% 11.63% 12.30% 12.22% 12.26% 12.35% 12.43% 11.59% 9.56% 10.04% 10.71% 11.36% 11.91% 12.31% 12.59% 12.81% 12.94% 12.96% 12.98% 13.01% 13.01% 13.01% 13.00% 12.98% 12.96% 12.92% 12.85% 12.79% 12.72%
District of Columbia Baseline 3.10% 3.08% 3.84% 3.84% 4.10% 4.72% 4.88% 5.58% 6.91% 8.20% 6.63% 6.13% 6.45% 6.69% 7.84% 8.45% 8.51% 9.01% 8.94% 8.97% 9.04% 9.10% 8.74% 8.56% 8.99% 9.59% 10.17% 10.67% 11.03% 11.30% 11.59% 11.89% 12.09% 12.19% 12.30% 12.41% 12.52% 12.63% 12.69% 12.73% 12.74% 12.75% 12.76% 12.77%
  Optimistic 3.10% 3.08% 3.84% 3.84% 4.10% 4.72% 4.88% 5.58% 6.91% 8.20% 6.63% 6.13% 6.45% 6.69% 7.84% 8.45% 8.51% 9.01% 8.94% 8.97% 9.04% 9.10% 8.74% 8.56% 8.99% 9.59% 10.17% 10.66% 11.02% 11.27% 11.47% 11.58% 11.60% 11.62% 11.65% 11.65% 11.65% 11.64% 11.62% 11.60% 11.56% 11.51% 11.45% 11.39%
Florida Baseline 3.01% 2.99% 3.73% 3.73% 3.98% 4.59% 4.74% 5.42% 6.71% 7.97% 6.44% 5.95% 6.26% 6.50% 7.62% 8.21% 8.27% 8.75% 8.69% 8.72% 8.78% 8.84% 8.72% 7.77% 8.16% 8.71% 9.23% 9.69% 10.01% 10.26% 10.52% 10.79% 10.97% 11.06% 11.16% 11.26% 11.36% 11.46% 11.52% 11.55% 11.57% 11.58% 11.59% 11.59%
  Optimistic 3.01% 2.99% 3.73% 3.73% 3.98% 4.59% 4.74% 5.42% 6.71% 7.97% 6.44% 5.95% 6.26% 6.50% 7.62% 8.21% 8.27% 8.75% 8.69% 8.72% 8.78% 8.84% 8.72% 7.77% 8.16% 8.71% 9.23% 9.68% 10.00% 10.23% 10.41% 10.51% 10.53% 10.55% 10.57% 10.58% 10.58% 10.57% 10.55% 10.53% 10.50% 10.44% 10.39% 10.34%
Georgia Baseline 2.43% 2.41% 3.01% 3.01% 3.21% 3.70% 3.83% 4.38% 5.41% 6.43% 5.19% 4.80% 5.05% 5.24% 6.14% 6.62% 6.67% 7.06% 7.01% 7.03% 7.08% 7.13% 7.54% 8.00% 8.40% 8.96% 9.50% 9.98% 10.31% 10.56% 10.84% 11.11% 11.30% 11.39% 11.49% 11.60% 11.70% 11.80% 11.86% 11.89% 11.91% 11.92% 11.93% 11.94%
  Optimistic 2.43% 2.41% 3.01% 3.01% 3.21% 3.70% 3.83% 4.38% 5.41% 6.43% 5.19% 4.80% 5.05% 5.24% 6.14% 6.62% 6.67% 7.06% 7.01% 7.03% 7.08% 7.13% 7.54% 8.00% 8.40% 8.96% 9.50% 9.96% 10.30% 10.54% 10.72% 10.83% 10.84% 10.86% 10.88% 10.89% 10.89% 10.88% 10.86% 10.84% 10.81% 10.75% 10.70% 10.64%
Hawaii Baseline 3.10% 3.08% 3.85% 3.84% 4.10% 4.73% 4.89% 5.59% 6.91% 8.21% 6.64% 6.13% 6.45% 6.70% 7.85% 8.46% 8.52% 9.02% 8.95% 8.98% 9.05% 9.11% 8.90% 7.96% 8.36% 8.92% 9.46% 9.93% 10.26% 10.51% 10.78% 11.05% 11.24% 11.33% 11.43% 11.54% 11.64% 11.74% 11.80% 11.83% 11.85% 11.86% 11.87% 11.88%
  Optimistic 3.10% 3.08% 3.85% 3.84% 4.10% 4.73% 4.89% 5.59% 6.91% 8.21% 6.64% 6.13% 6.45% 6.70% 7.85% 8.46% 8.52% 9.02% 8.95% 8.98% 9.05% 9.11% 8.90% 7.96% 8.36% 8.92% 9.46% 9.91% 10.25% 10.48% 10.66% 10.77% 10.79% 10.81% 10.83% 10.84% 10.84% 10.83% 10.81% 10.79% 10.75% 10.70% 10.65% 10.59%
Idaho Baseline 2.37% 2.35% 2.94% 2.93% 3.14% 3.61% 3.73% 4.27% 5.28% 6.27% 5.07% 4.69% 4.93% 5.12% 6.00% 6.46% 6.51% 6.89% 6.84% 6.86% 6.92% 6.96% 7.24% 6.94% 7.29% 7.78% 8.25% 8.65% 8.94% 9.16% 9.40% 9.64% 9.80% 9.88% 9.97% 10.06% 10.15% 10.24% 10.29% 10.32% 10.33% 10.34% 10.35% 10.36%
  Optimistic 2.37% 2.35% 2.94% 2.93% 3.14% 3.61% 3.73% 4.27% 5.28% 6.27% 5.07% 4.69% 4.93% 5.12% 6.00% 6.46% 6.51% 6.89% 6.84% 6.86% 6.92% 6.96% 7.24% 6.94% 7.29% 7.78% 8.25% 8.64% 8.93% 9.14% 9.30% 9.39% 9.41% 9.42% 9.44% 9.45% 9.45% 9.44% 9.42% 9.41% 9.38% 9.33% 9.28% 9.23%
Illinois Baseline 2.61% 2.60% 3.24% 3.24% 3.46% 3.99% 4.12% 4.71% 5.83% 6.92% 5.59% 5.17% 5.44% 5.65% 6.62% 7.13% 7.18% 7.60% 7.55% 7.57% 7.63% 7.68% 7.50% 7.62% 8.01% 8.54% 9.05% 9.50% 9.82% 10.06% 10.32% 10.58% 10.76% 10.85% 10.95% 11.04% 11.14% 11.24% 11.29% 11.33% 11.34% 11.35% 11.36% 11.37%
  Optimistic 2.61% 2.60% 3.24% 3.24% 3.46% 3.99% 4.12% 4.71% 5.83% 6.92% 5.59% 5.17% 5.44% 5.65% 6.62% 7.13% 7.18% 7.60% 7.55% 7.57% 7.63% 7.68% 7.50% 7.62% 8.01% 8.54% 9.05% 9.49% 9.81% 10.04% 10.21% 10.31% 10.33% 10.35% 10.37% 10.37% 10.37% 10.36% 10.35% 10.33% 10.29% 10.24% 10.19% 10.14%
Indiana Baseline 2.90% 2.88% 3.60% 3.59% 3.83% 4.42% 4.57% 5.22% 6.46% 7.67% 6.20% 5.73% 6.03% 6.26% 7.33% 7.90% 7.96% 8.42% 8.36% 8.39% 8.46% 8.51% 8.07% 7.41% 7.78% 8.30% 8.80% 9.24% 9.55% 9.79% 10.04% 10.29% 10.46% 10.55% 10.64% 10.74% 10.84% 10.93% 10.98% 11.02% 11.03% 11.04% 11.05% 11.06%
  Optimistic 2.90% 2.88% 3.60% 3.59% 3.83% 4.42% 4.57% 5.22% 6.46% 7.67% 6.20% 5.73% 6.03% 6.26% 7.33% 7.90% 7.96% 8.42% 8.36% 8.39% 8.46% 8.51% 8.07% 7.41% 7.78% 8.30% 8.80% 9.23% 9.54% 9.76% 9.93% 10.03% 10.04% 10.06% 10.08% 10.09% 10.09% 10.08% 10.06% 10.04% 10.01% 9.96% 9.91% 9.86%
Iowa Baseline 2.07% 2.06% 2.57% 2.56% 2.74% 3.16% 3.26% 3.73% 4.61% 5.48% 4.43% 4.09% 4.31% 4.47% 5.24% 5.65% 5.69% 6.02% 5.98% 6.00% 6.04% 6.08% 6.47% 6.52% 6.85% 7.30% 7.75% 8.13% 8.40% 8.61% 8.83% 9.05% 9.21% 9.28% 9.37% 9.45% 9.54% 9.62% 9.66% 9.69% 9.71% 9.71% 9.72% 9.73%
  Optimistic 2.07% 2.06% 2.57% 2.56% 2.74% 3.16% 3.26% 3.73% 4.61% 5.48% 4.43% 4.09% 4.31% 4.47% 5.24% 5.65% 5.69% 6.02% 5.98% 6.00% 6.04% 6.08% 6.47% 6.52% 6.85% 7.30% 7.75% 8.12% 8.39% 8.59% 8.73% 8.82% 8.84% 8.85% 8.87% 8.88% 8.87% 8.87% 8.85% 8.84% 8.81% 8.76% 8.72% 8.67%
Kansas Baseline 2.27% 2.26% 2.82% 2.81% 3.00% 3.46% 3.58% 4.09% 5.06% 6.01% 4.86% 4.49% 4.72% 4.90% 5.75% 6.19% 6.24% 6.60% 6.56% 6.58% 6.63% 6.67% 6.74% 6.66% 7.00% 7.46% 7.91% 8.30% 8.58% 8.79% 9.02% 9.25% 9.40% 9.48% 9.57% 9.65% 9.74% 9.83% 9.87% 9.90% 9.91% 9.92% 9.93% 9.94%
  Optimistic 2.27% 2.26% 2.82% 2.81% 3.00% 3.46% 3.58% 4.09% 5.06% 6.01% 4.86% 4.49% 4.72% 4.90% 5.75% 6.19% 6.24% 6.60% 6.56% 6.58% 6.63% 6.67% 6.74% 6.66% 7.00% 7.46% 7.91% 8.30% 8.57% 8.77% 8.92% 9.01% 9.03% 9.04% 9.06% 9.07% 9.07% 9.06% 9.04% 9.03% 9.00% 8.95% 8.91% 8.86%
Kentucky Baseline 2.92% 2.90% 3.63% 3.62% 3.87% 4.46% 4.61% 5.27% 6.52% 7.74% 6.26% 5.78% 6.09% 6.32% 7.40% 7.98% 8.04% 8.50% 8.44% 8.47% 8.54% 8.59% 8.33% 8.63% 9.07% 9.67% 10.25% 10.76% 11.12% 11.40% 11.69% 11.98% 12.18% 12.29% 12.40% 12.51% 12.62% 12.73% 12.79% 12.83% 12.85% 12.86% 12.87% 12.88%
  Optimistic 2.92% 2.90% 3.63% 3.62% 3.87% 4.46% 4.61% 5.27% 6.52% 7.74% 6.26% 5.78% 6.09% 6.32% 7.40% 7.98% 8.04% 8.50% 8.44% 8.47% 8.54% 8.59% 8.33% 8.63% 9.07% 9.67% 10.25% 10.75% 11.11% 11.37% 11.56% 11.68% 11.70% 11.72% 11.74% 11.75% 11.75% 11.74% 11.72% 11.70% 11.66% 11.60% 11.54% 11.48%
Louisiana Baseline 3.00% 2.98% 3.73% 3.72% 3.97% 4.58% 4.73% 5.41% 6.69% 7.95% 6.42% 5.94% 6.25% 6.48% 7.60% 8.19% 8.25% 8.73% 8.67% 8.70% 8.76% 8.82% 8.07% 7.66% 8.05% 8.58% 9.10% 9.55% 9.87% 10.12% 10.37% 10.64% 10.82% 10.91% 11.00% 11.10% 11.20% 11.30% 11.35% 11.39% 11.40% 11.41% 11.42% 11.43%
  Optimistic 3.00% 2.98% 3.73% 3.72% 3.97% 4.58% 4.73% 5.41% 6.69% 7.95% 6.42% 5.94% 6.25% 6.48% 7.60% 8.19% 8.25% 8.73% 8.67% 8.70% 8.76% 8.82% 8.07% 7.66% 8.05% 8.58% 9.10% 9.54% 9.86% 10.09% 10.26% 10.37% 10.38% 10.40% 10.42% 10.43% 10.43% 10.42% 10.40% 10.38% 10.35% 10.30% 10.25% 10.19%
Maine Baseline 3.09% 3.07% 3.83% 3.82% 4.09% 4.71% 4.87% 5.57% 6.88% 8.18% 6.61% 6.11% 6.43% 6.67% 7.81% 8.42% 8.48% 8.98% 8.91% 8.94% 9.01% 9.07% 9.31% 9.31% 9.78% 10.43% 11.06% 11.61% 12.00% 12.29% 12.61% 12.93% 13.14% 13.25% 13.37% 13.49% 13.62% 13.74% 13.80% 13.84% 13.86% 13.87% 13.88% 13.89%
  Optimistic 3.09% 3.07% 3.83% 3.82% 4.09% 4.71% 4.87% 5.57% 6.88% 8.18% 6.61% 6.11% 6.43% 6.67% 7.81% 8.42% 8.48% 8.98% 8.91% 8.94% 9.01% 9.07% 9.31% 9.31% 9.78% 10.43% 11.06% 11.60% 11.99% 12.26% 12.47% 12.60% 12.62% 12.64% 12.67% 12.67% 12.67% 12.66% 12.64% 12.62% 12.58% 12.51% 12.45% 12.39%
Maryland Baseline 2.81% 2.80% 3.49% 3.49% 3.73% 4.29% 4.44% 5.07% 6.28% 7.45% 6.02% 5.57% 5.86% 6.08% 7.13% 7.68% 7.74% 8.19% 8.13% 8.15% 8.22% 8.27% 7.57% 7.03% 7.39% 7.88% 8.35% 8.77% 9.06% 9.28% 9.52% 9.76% 9.93% 10.01% 10.10% 10.19% 10.28% 10.37% 10.42% 10.45% 10.47% 10.47% 10.48% 10.49%
  Optimistic 2.81% 2.80% 3.49% 3.49% 3.73% 4.29% 4.44% 5.07% 6.28% 7.45% 6.02% 5.57% 5.86% 6.08% 7.13% 7.68% 7.74% 8.19% 8.13% 8.15% 8.22% 8.27% 7.57% 7.03% 7.39% 7.88% 8.35% 8.76% 9.05% 9.26% 9.42% 9.51% 9.53% 9.55% 9.56% 9.57% 9.57% 9.56% 9.54% 9.53% 9.50% 9.45% 9.40% 9.35%
Massachusetts Baseline 2.91% 2.89% 3.61% 3.60% 3.85% 4.43% 4.58% 5.24% 6.48% 7.70% 6.22% 5.75% 6.05% 6.28% 7.36% 7.93% 7.99% 8.45% 8.39% 8.42% 8.49% 8.54% 9.28% 10.16% 10.67% 11.38% 12.07% 12.67% 13.09% 13.42% 13.76% 14.11% 14.34% 14.46% 14.59% 14.73% 14.86% 14.99% 15.06% 15.11% 15.12% 15.14% 15.15% 15.16%
  Optimistic 2.91% 2.89% 3.61% 3.60% 3.85% 4.43% 4.58% 5.24% 6.48% 7.70% 6.22% 5.75% 6.05% 6.28% 7.36% 7.93% 7.99% 8.45% 8.39% 8.42% 8.49% 8.54% 9.28% 10.16% 10.67% 11.38% 12.07% 12.65% 13.08% 13.38% 13.61% 13.75% 13.77% 13.80% 13.82% 13.83% 13.83% 13.82% 13.79% 13.77% 13.73% 13.66% 13.59% 13.52%
Michigan Baseline 3.08% 3.06% 3.82% 3.81% 4.08% 4.70% 4.86% 5.55% 6.87% 8.16% 6.59% 6.09% 6.41% 6.65% 7.80% 8.40% 8.47% 8.96% 8.89% 8.92% 8.99% 9.05% 9.06% 9.00% 9.46% 10.08% 10.69% 11.22% 11.60% 11.89% 12.19% 12.50% 12.71% 12.81% 12.93% 13.04% 13.16% 13.28% 13.34% 13.38% 13.40% 13.41% 13.42% 13.43%
  Optimistic 3.08% 3.06% 3.82% 3.81% 4.08% 4.70% 4.86% 5.55% 6.87% 8.16% 6.59% 6.09% 6.41% 6.65% 7.80% 8.40% 8.47% 8.96% 8.89% 8.92% 8.99% 9.05% 9.06% 9.00% 9.46% 10.08% 10.69% 11.21% 11.59% 11.85% 12.06% 12.18% 12.20% 12.22% 12.24% 12.25% 12.25% 12.24% 12.22% 12.20% 12.16% 12.10% 12.04% 11.97%
Minnesota Baseline 2.73% 2.71% 3.38% 3.38% 3.61% 4.16% 4.30% 4.92% 6.08% 7.22% 5.83% 5.39% 5.67% 5.89% 6.90% 7.44% 7.49% 7.93% 7.87% 7.90% 7.96% 8.01% 7.59% 7.41% 7.78% 8.30% 8.80% 9.24% 9.55% 9.79% 10.04% 10.29% 10.46% 10.55% 10.64% 10.74% 10.84% 10.93% 10.98% 11.02% 11.03% 11.04% 11.05% 11.06%
  Optimistic 2.73% 2.71% 3.38% 3.38% 3.61% 4.16% 4.30% 4.92% 6.08% 7.22% 5.83% 5.39% 5.67% 5.89% 6.90% 7.44% 7.49% 7.93% 7.87% 7.90% 7.96% 8.01% 7.59% 7.41% 7.78% 8.30% 8.80% 9.23% 9.54% 9.76% 9.93% 10.03% 10.04% 10.06% 10.08% 10.09% 10.09% 10.08% 10.06% 10.04% 10.01% 9.96% 9.91% 9.86%
Mississippi Baseline 2.42% 2.41% 3.01% 3.00% 3.21% 3.70% 3.82% 4.37% 5.40% 6.42% 5.19% 4.79% 5.04% 5.23% 6.13% 6.61% 6.66% 7.05% 7.00% 7.02% 7.07% 7.12% 6.56% 5.79% 6.08% 6.49% 6.88% 7.22% 7.46% 7.65% 7.84% 8.04% 8.17% 8.24% 8.32% 8.39% 8.47% 8.54% 8.58% 8.61% 8.62% 8.63% 8.63% 8.64%
  Optimistic 2.42% 2.41% 3.01% 3.00% 3.21% 3.70% 3.82% 4.37% 5.40% 6.42% 5.19% 4.79% 5.04% 5.23% 6.13% 6.61% 6.66% 7.05% 7.00% 7.02% 7.07% 7.12% 6.56% 5.79% 6.08% 6.49% 6.88% 7.21% 7.45% 7.63% 7.76% 7.84% 7.85% 7.86% 7.88% 7.88% 7.88% 7.88% 7.86% 7.85% 7.82% 7.78% 7.75% 7.70%
Missouri Baseline 3.08% 3.06% 3.82% 3.81% 4.07% 4.69% 4.85% 5.55% 6.86% 8.15% 6.58% 6.09% 6.40% 6.65% 7.79% 8.40% 8.46% 8.95% 8.88% 8.91% 8.98% 9.04% 9.17% 8.13% 8.54% 9.11% 9.66% 10.14% 10.48% 10.74% 11.01% 11.29% 11.48% 11.57% 11.68% 11.78% 11.89% 12.00% 12.05% 12.09% 12.10% 12.11% 12.12% 12.13%
  Optimistic 3.08% 3.06% 3.82% 3.81% 4.07% 4.69% 4.85% 5.55% 6.86% 8.15% 6.58% 6.09% 6.40% 6.65% 7.79% 8.40% 8.46% 8.95% 8.88% 8.91% 8.98% 9.04% 9.17% 8.13% 8.54% 9.11% 9.66% 10.13% 10.47% 10.71% 10.89% 11.00% 11.02% 11.04% 11.06% 11.07% 11.07% 11.06% 11.04% 11.02% 10.98% 10.93% 10.88% 10.82%
Montana Baseline 3.40% 3.37% 4.22% 4.21% 4.50% 5.18% 5.35% 6.12% 7.57% 9.00% 7.27% 6.72% 7.07% 7.34% 8.60% 9.27% 9.34% 9.88% 9.81% 9.84% 9.92% 9.98% 10.58% 9.70% 10.19% 10.87% 11.52% 12.09% 12.50% 12.81% 13.14% 13.47% 13.70% 13.81% 13.93% 14.06% 14.19% 14.31% 14.38% 14.42% 14.44% 14.45% 14.46% 14.47%
  Optimistic 3.40% 3.37% 4.22% 4.21% 4.50% 5.18% 5.35% 6.12% 7.57% 9.00% 7.27% 6.72% 7.07% 7.34% 8.60% 9.27% 9.34% 9.88% 9.81% 9.84% 9.92% 9.98% 10.58% 9.70% 10.19% 10.87% 11.52% 12.08% 12.49% 12.78% 13.00% 13.13% 13.15% 13.17% 13.20% 13.20% 13.20% 13.19% 13.17% 13.15% 13.10% 13.04% 12.98% 12.90%
Nebraska Baseline 2.76% 2.74% 3.43% 3.42% 3.65% 4.21% 4.35% 4.98% 6.15% 7.31% 5.91% 5.46% 5.75% 5.96% 6.99% 7.53% 7.59% 8.03% 7.97% 8.00% 8.06% 8.11% 7.67% 6.86% 7.21% 7.69% 8.15% 8.55% 8.84% 9.06% 9.29% 9.53% 9.69% 9.77% 9.85% 9.94% 10.03% 10.12% 10.17% 10.20% 10.21% 10.22% 10.23% 10.24%
  Optimistic 2.76% 2.74% 3.43% 3.42% 3.65% 4.21% 4.35% 4.98% 6.15% 7.31% 5.91% 5.46% 5.75% 5.96% 6.99% 7.53% 7.59% 8.03% 7.97% 8.00% 8.06% 8.11% 7.67% 6.86% 7.21% 7.69% 8.15% 8.54% 8.83% 9.04% 9.19% 9.28% 9.30% 9.32% 9.33% 9.34% 9.34% 9.33% 9.31% 9.30% 9.27% 9.22% 9.18% 9.13%
Nevada Baseline 3.69% 3.67% 4.58% 4.57% 4.88% 5.63% 5.82% 6.65% 8.23% 9.77% 7.90% 7.30% 7.68% 7.97% 9.34% 10.07% 10.14% 10.73% 10.65% 10.69% 10.77% 10.84% 10.30% 8.68% 9.12% 9.73% 10.31% 10.82% 11.19% 11.46% 11.76% 12.05% 12.26% 12.36% 12.47% 12.58% 12.69% 12.81% 12.86% 12.90% 12.92% 12.93% 12.94% 12.95%
  Optimistic 3.69% 3.67% 4.58% 4.57% 4.88% 5.63% 5.82% 6.65% 8.23% 9.77% 7.90% 7.30% 7.68% 7.97% 9.34% 10.07% 10.14% 10.73% 10.65% 10.69% 10.77% 10.84% 10.30% 8.68% 9.12% 9.73% 10.31% 10.81% 11.17% 11.43% 11.63% 11.75% 11.76% 11.79% 11.81% 11.82% 11.82% 11.81% 11.79% 11.76% 11.73% 11.67% 11.61% 11.55%
New Hampshire Baseline 3.76% 3.74% 4.67% 4.66% 4.98% 5.74% 5.93% 6.78% 8.39% 9.96% 8.05% 7.44% 7.83% 8.12% 9.52% 10.26% 10.34% 10.94% 10.86% 10.90% 10.98% 11.05% 11.15% 9.87% 10.37% 11.06% 11.73% 12.31% 12.72% 13.03% 13.37% 13.70% 13.94% 14.05% 14.18% 14.31% 14.43% 14.56% 14.63% 14.67% 14.69% 14.70% 14.72% 14.73%
  Optimistic 3.76% 3.74% 4.67% 4.66% 4.98% 5.74% 5.93% 6.78% 8.39% 9.96% 8.05% 7.44% 7.83% 8.12% 9.52% 10.26% 10.34% 10.94% 10.86% 10.90% 10.98% 11.05% 11.15% 9.87% 10.37% 11.06% 11.73% 12.29% 12.71% 13.00% 13.22% 13.36% 13.38% 13.40% 13.43% 13.44% 13.43% 13.42% 13.40% 13.38% 13.33% 13.27% 13.20% 13.13%
New Jersey Baseline 2.53% 2.52% 3.14% 3.14% 3.35% 3.86% 3.99% 4.57% 5.65% 6.71% 5.42% 5.01% 5.27% 5.47% 6.41% 6.91% 6.96% 7.36% 7.31% 7.34% 7.39% 7.44% 6.97% 6.86% 7.21% 7.69% 8.15% 8.55% 8.84% 9.06% 9.29% 9.53% 9.69% 9.77% 9.85% 9.94% 10.03% 10.12% 10.17% 10.20% 10.21% 10.22% 10.23% 10.24%
  Optimistic 2.53% 2.52% 3.14% 3.14% 3.35% 3.86% 3.99% 4.57% 5.65% 6.71% 5.42% 5.01% 5.27% 5.47% 6.41% 6.91% 6.96% 7.36% 7.31% 7.34% 7.39% 7.44% 6.97% 6.86% 7.21% 7.69% 8.15% 8.54% 8.83% 9.04% 9.19% 9.28% 9.30% 9.32% 9.33% 9.34% 9.34% 9.33% 9.31% 9.30% 9.27% 9.22% 9.18% 9.13%
New Mexico Baseline 2.50% 2.49% 3.11% 3.10% 3.31% 3.82% 3.94% 4.51% 5.58% 6.62% 5.35% 4.95% 5.21% 5.40% 6.33% 6.83% 6.88% 7.28% 7.22% 7.25% 7.30% 7.35% 10.00% 11.25% 11.82% 12.60% 13.37% 14.03% 14.50% 14.86% 15.24% 15.62% 15.88% 16.02% 16.16% 16.31% 16.45% 16.60% 16.67% 16.73% 16.75% 16.76% 16.78% 16.79%
  Optimistic 2.50% 2.49% 3.11% 3.10% 3.31% 3.82% 3.94% 4.51% 5.58% 6.62% 5.35% 4.95% 5.21% 5.40% 6.33% 6.83% 6.88% 7.28% 7.22% 7.25% 7.30% 7.35% 10.00% 11.25% 11.82% 12.60% 13.37% 14.01% 14.48% 14.82% 15.07% 15.22% 15.25% 15.28% 15.30% 15.31% 15.31% 15.30% 15.27% 15.25% 15.20% 15.12% 15.05% 14.97%
New York Baseline 3.20% 3.18% 3.98% 3.97% 4.24% 4.88% 5.05% 5.77% 7.14% 8.48% 6.85% 6.33% 6.67% 6.92% 8.11% 8.74% 8.80% 9.31% 9.25% 9.28% 9.35% 9.41% 8.90% 9.10% 9.56% 10.20% 10.81% 11.35% 11.73% 12.02% 12.33% 12.64% 12.85% 12.96% 13.07% 13.19% 13.31% 13.43% 13.49% 13.53% 13.55% 13.56% 13.57% 13.58%
  Optimistic 3.20% 3.18% 3.98% 3.97% 4.24% 4.88% 5.05% 5.77% 7.14% 8.48% 6.85% 6.33% 6.67% 6.92% 8.11% 8.74% 8.80% 9.31% 9.25% 9.28% 9.35% 9.41% 8.90% 9.10% 9.56% 10.20% 10.81% 11.33% 11.72% 11.99% 12.19% 12.31% 12.33% 12.36% 12.38% 12.39% 12.39% 12.38% 12.36% 12.33% 12.29% 12.23% 12.17% 12.11%
North Carolina Baseline 2.80% 2.79% 3.48% 3.47% 3.71% 4.28% 4.42% 5.06% 6.25% 7.43% 6.00% 5.55% 5.84% 6.06% 7.10% 7.65% 7.71% 8.16% 8.10% 8.13% 8.19% 8.24% 7.92% 7.23% 7.60% 8.10% 8.59% 9.01% 9.32% 9.55% 9.79% 10.04% 10.21% 10.29% 10.39% 10.48% 10.57% 10.67% 10.72% 10.75% 10.76% 10.77% 10.78% 10.79%
  Optimistic 2.80% 2.79% 3.48% 3.47% 3.71% 4.28% 4.42% 5.06% 6.25% 7.43% 6.00% 5.55% 5.84% 6.06% 7.10% 7.65% 7.71% 8.16% 8.10% 8.13% 8.19% 8.24% 7.92% 7.23% 7.60% 8.10% 8.59% 9.01% 9.31% 9.52% 9.69% 9.78% 9.80% 9.82% 9.84% 9.84% 9.84% 9.83% 9.82% 9.80% 9.77% 9.72% 9.67% 9.62%
North Dakota Baseline 2.40% 2.38% 2.98% 2.97% 3.18% 3.66% 3.78% 4.33% 5.35% 6.35% 5.13% 4.75% 4.99% 5.18% 6.07% 6.55% 6.60% 6.98% 6.93% 6.95% 7.01% 7.05% 7.22% 7.47% 7.85% 8.37% 8.87% 9.31% 9.63% 9.86% 10.12% 10.37% 10.55% 10.63% 10.73% 10.83% 10.92% 11.02% 11.07% 11.11% 11.12% 11.13% 11.14% 11.15%
  Optimistic 2.40% 2.38% 2.98% 2.97% 3.18% 3.66% 3.78% 4.33% 5.35% 6.35% 5.13% 4.75% 4.99% 5.18% 6.07% 6.55% 6.60% 6.98% 6.93% 6.95% 7.01% 7.05% 7.22% 7.47% 7.85% 8.37% 8.87% 9.30% 9.62% 9.84% 10.01% 10.11% 10.12% 10.14% 10.16% 10.17% 10.17% 10.16% 10.14% 10.12% 10.09% 10.04% 9.99% 9.94%
Ohio Baseline 2.78% 2.77% 3.46% 3.45% 3.69% 4.25% 4.39% 5.02% 6.21% 7.37% 5.96% 5.51% 5.79% 6.01% 7.05% 7.60% 7.65% 8.10% 8.04% 8.07% 8.13% 8.18% 8.04% 7.88% 8.28% 8.83% 9.36% 9.83% 10.16% 10.41% 10.67% 10.94% 11.13% 11.22% 11.32% 11.42% 11.52% 11.63% 11.68% 11.72% 11.73% 11.74% 11.75% 11.76%
  Optimistic 2.78% 2.77% 3.46% 3.45% 3.69% 4.25% 4.39% 5.02% 6.21% 7.37% 5.96% 5.51% 5.79% 6.01% 7.05% 7.60% 7.65% 8.10% 8.04% 8.07% 8.13% 8.18% 8.04% 7.88% 8.28% 8.83% 9.36% 9.81% 10.14% 10.38% 10.56% 10.66% 10.68% 10.70% 10.72% 10.73% 10.73% 10.72% 10.70% 10.68% 10.65% 10.59% 10.54% 10.48%
Oklahoma Baseline 2.67% 2.65% 3.32% 3.31% 3.54% 4.07% 4.21% 4.82% 5.96% 7.08% 5.72% 5.28% 5.56% 5.77% 6.76% 7.29% 7.34% 7.77% 7.72% 7.74% 7.80% 7.85% 8.58% 8.44% 8.87% 9.46% 10.03% 10.52% 10.88% 11.15% 11.43% 11.72% 11.92% 12.02% 12.12% 12.23% 12.34% 12.45% 12.51% 12.55% 12.56% 12.57% 12.59% 12.59%
  Optimistic 2.67% 2.65% 3.32% 3.31% 3.54% 4.07% 4.21% 4.82% 5.96% 7.08% 5.72% 5.28% 5.56% 5.77% 6.76% 7.29% 7.34% 7.77% 7.72% 7.74% 7.80% 7.85% 8.58% 8.44% 8.87% 9.46% 10.03% 10.51% 10.87% 11.12% 11.31% 11.42% 11.44% 11.46% 11.48% 11.49% 11.49% 11.48% 11.46% 11.44% 11.40% 11.34% 11.29% 11.23%
Oregon Baseline 3.56% 3.54% 4.42% 4.41% 4.72% 5.43% 5.62% 6.42% 7.95% 9.44% 7.63% 7.05% 7.42% 7.70% 9.02% 9.72% 9.79% 10.36% 10.29% 10.32% 10.40% 10.47% 10.84% 9.47% 9.95% 10.61% 11.25% 11.81% 12.20% 12.51% 12.83% 13.15% 13.37% 13.48% 13.60% 13.73% 13.85% 13.97% 14.04% 14.08% 14.10% 14.11% 14.12% 14.13%
  Optimistic 3.56% 3.54% 4.42% 4.41% 4.72% 5.43% 5.62% 6.42% 7.95% 9.44% 7.63% 7.05% 7.42% 7.70% 9.02% 9.72% 9.79% 10.36% 10.29% 10.32% 10.40% 10.47% 10.84% 9.47% 9.95% 10.61% 11.25% 11.80% 12.19% 12.47% 12.69% 12.81% 12.83% 12.86% 12.88% 12.89% 12.89% 12.88% 12.86% 12.83% 12.79% 12.73% 12.67% 12.60%
Pennsylvania Baseline 2.58% 2.57% 3.21% 3.20% 3.42% 3.94% 4.07% 4.66% 5.76% 6.84% 5.53% 5.11% 5.38% 5.58% 6.54% 7.05% 7.10% 7.51% 7.46% 7.48% 7.54% 7.59% 7.50% 7.80% 8.19% 8.74% 9.27% 9.73% 10.05% 10.30% 10.56% 10.83% 11.01% 11.10% 11.20% 11.31% 11.41% 11.51% 11.56% 11.60% 11.61% 11.62% 11.63% 11.64%
  Optimistic 2.58% 2.57% 3.21% 3.20% 3.42% 3.94% 4.07% 4.66% 5.76% 6.84% 5.53% 5.11% 5.38% 5.58% 6.54% 7.05% 7.10% 7.51% 7.46% 7.48% 7.54% 7.59% 7.50% 7.80% 8.19% 8.74% 9.27% 9.72% 10.04% 10.27% 10.45% 10.55% 10.57% 10.59% 10.61% 10.62% 10.62% 10.61% 10.59% 10.57% 10.54% 10.48% 10.43% 10.38%
Rhode Island Baseline 3.67% 3.64% 4.55% 4.54% 4.86% 5.60% 5.78% 6.61% 8.18% 9.72% 7.85% 7.26% 7.64% 7.93% 9.29% 10.01% 10.08% 10.67% 10.59% 10.63% 10.71% 10.78% 10.95% 10.84% 11.39% 12.15% 12.88% 13.52% 13.97% 14.31% 14.68% 15.05% 15.31% 15.43% 15.57% 15.71% 15.85% 15.99% 16.07% 16.12% 16.14% 16.15% 16.16% 16.17%
  Optimistic 3.67% 3.64% 4.55% 4.54% 4.86% 5.60% 5.78% 6.61% 8.18% 9.72% 7.85% 7.26% 7.64% 7.93% 9.29% 10.01% 10.08% 10.67% 10.59% 10.63% 10.71% 10.78% 10.95% 10.84% 11.39% 12.15% 12.88% 13.50% 13.96% 14.28% 14.52% 14.67% 14.69% 14.72% 14.75% 14.76% 14.76% 14.74% 14.72% 14.69% 14.65% 14.57% 14.50% 14.42%
South Carolina Baseline 2.22% 2.20% 2.75% 2.75% 2.94% 3.38% 3.50% 4.00% 4.95% 5.88% 4.75% 4.39% 4.62% 4.79% 5.62% 6.06% 6.10% 6.45% 6.41% 6.43% 6.48% 6.52% 7.23% 7.65% 8.04% 8.57% 9.09% 9.54% 9.86% 10.10% 10.36% 10.62% 10.80% 10.89% 10.99% 11.09% 11.19% 11.29% 11.34% 11.37% 11.39% 11.40% 11.41% 11.41%
  Optimistic 2.22% 2.20% 2.75% 2.75% 2.94% 3.38% 3.50% 4.00% 4.95% 5.88% 4.75% 4.39% 4.62% 4.79% 5.62% 6.06% 6.10% 6.45% 6.41% 6.43% 6.48% 6.52% 7.23% 7.65% 8.04% 8.57% 9.09% 9.53% 9.85% 10.08% 10.25% 10.35% 10.37% 10.39% 10.41% 10.41% 10.41% 10.41% 10.39% 10.37% 10.34% 10.28% 10.23% 10.18%
South Dakota Baseline 2.39% 2.37% 2.97% 2.96% 3.16% 3.64% 3.77% 4.31% 5.33% 6.33% 5.11% 4.73% 4.97% 5.16% 6.05% 6.52% 6.57% 6.95% 6.90% 6.92% 6.98% 7.02% 7.15% 6.96% 7.31% 7.80% 8.27% 8.68% 8.97% 9.19% 9.43% 9.66% 9.83% 9.91% 10.00% 10.09% 10.18% 10.27% 10.32% 10.35% 10.36% 10.37% 10.38% 10.38%
  Optimistic 2.39% 2.37% 2.97% 2.96% 3.16% 3.64% 3.77% 4.31% 5.33% 6.33% 5.11% 4.73% 4.97% 5.16% 6.05% 6.52% 6.57% 6.95% 6.90% 6.92% 6.98% 7.02% 7.15% 6.96% 7.31% 7.80% 8.27% 8.67% 8.96% 9.17% 9.32% 9.42% 9.43% 9.45% 9.47% 9.47% 9.47% 9.47% 9.45% 9.43% 9.40% 9.36% 9.31% 9.26%
Tennessee Baseline 2.35% 2.33% 2.91% 2.90% 3.10% 3.58% 3.70% 4.23% 5.23% 6.21% 5.02% 4.64% 4.88% 5.07% 5.94% 6.40% 6.45% 6.82% 6.77% 6.79% 6.85% 6.89% 6.70% 6.80% 7.14% 7.62% 8.08% 8.48% 8.76% 8.98% 9.21% 9.44% 9.60% 9.68% 9.77% 9.86% 9.94% 10.03% 10.08% 10.11% 10.12% 10.13% 10.14% 10.15%
  Optimistic 2.35% 2.33% 2.91% 2.90% 3.10% 3.58% 3.70% 4.23% 5.23% 6.21% 5.02% 4.64% 4.88% 5.07% 5.94% 6.40% 6.45% 6.82% 6.77% 6.79% 6.85% 6.89% 6.70% 6.80% 7.14% 7.62% 8.08% 8.47% 8.75% 8.96% 9.11% 9.20% 9.22% 9.23% 9.25% 9.26% 9.26% 9.25% 9.23% 9.22% 9.19% 9.14% 9.10% 9.05%
Texas Baseline 2.27% 2.26% 2.82% 2.81% 3.00% 3.46% 3.58% 4.09% 5.06% 6.01% 4.86% 4.49% 4.72% 4.90% 5.75% 6.19% 6.24% 6.60% 6.56% 6.58% 6.63% 6.67% 6.97% 6.96% 7.31% 7.80% 8.27% 8.68% 8.97% 9.19% 9.43% 9.66% 9.83% 9.91% 10.00% 10.09% 10.18% 10.27% 10.32% 10.35% 10.36% 10.37% 10.38% 10.38%
  Optimistic 2.27% 2.26% 2.82% 2.81% 3.00% 3.46% 3.58% 4.09% 5.06% 6.01% 4.86% 4.49% 4.72% 4.90% 5.75% 6.19% 6.24% 6.60% 6.56% 6.58% 6.63% 6.67% 6.97% 6.96% 7.31% 7.80% 8.27% 8.67% 8.96% 9.17% 9.32% 9.42% 9.43% 9.45% 9.47% 9.47% 9.47% 9.47% 9.45% 9.43% 9.40% 9.36% 9.31% 9.26%
Utah Baseline 2.12% 2.10% 2.63% 2.62% 2.80% 3.23% 3.34% 3.82% 4.72% 5.61% 4.53% 4.19% 4.41% 4.57% 5.36% 5.78% 5.82% 6.16% 6.11% 6.13% 6.18% 6.22% 6.32% 6.88% 7.23% 7.71% 8.17% 8.58% 8.87% 9.09% 9.32% 9.55% 9.71% 9.79% 9.88% 9.97% 10.06% 10.15% 10.20% 10.23% 10.24% 10.25% 10.26% 10.27%
  Optimistic 2.12% 2.10% 2.63% 2.62% 2.80% 3.23% 3.34% 3.82% 4.72% 5.61% 4.53% 4.19% 4.41% 4.57% 5.36% 5.78% 5.82% 6.16% 6.11% 6.13% 6.18% 6.22% 6.32% 6.88% 7.23% 7.71% 8.17% 8.57% 8.86% 9.06% 9.22% 9.31% 9.32% 9.34% 9.36% 9.37% 9.36% 9.36% 9.34% 9.32% 9.30% 9.25% 9.20% 9.15%
Vermont Baseline 3.76% 3.73% 4.66% 4.65% 4.97% 5.73% 5.92% 6.77% 8.38% 9.95% 8.04% 7.43% 7.82% 8.12% 9.51% 10.25% 10.33% 10.93% 10.85% 10.89% 10.97% 11.04% 10.96% 10.44% 10.97% 11.70% 12.40% 13.02% 13.45% 13.79% 14.14% 14.50% 14.74% 14.86% 15.00% 15.13% 15.27% 15.40% 15.47% 15.52% 15.54% 15.55% 15.57% 15.58%
  Optimistic 3.76% 3.73% 4.66% 4.65% 4.97% 5.73% 5.92% 6.77% 8.38% 9.95% 8.04% 7.43% 7.82% 8.12% 9.51% 10.25% 10.33% 10.93% 10.85% 10.89% 10.97% 11.04% 10.96% 10.44% 10.97% 11.70% 12.40% 13.00% 13.44% 13.75% 13.99% 14.13% 14.15% 14.18% 14.20% 14.21% 14.21% 14.20% 14.17% 14.15% 14.10% 14.03% 13.97% 13.89%
Virginia Baseline 2.78% 2.76% 3.45% 3.44% 3.68% 4.24% 4.38% 5.01% 6.19% 7.35% 5.94% 5.49% 5.78% 6.00% 7.03% 7.58% 7.63% 8.08% 8.02% 8.05% 8.11% 8.16% 7.68% 7.25% 7.62% 8.12% 8.61% 9.04% 9.34% 9.57% 9.82% 10.07% 10.24% 10.32% 10.41% 10.51% 10.60% 10.70% 10.75% 10.78% 10.79% 10.80% 10.81% 10.82%
  Optimistic 2.78% 2.76% 3.45% 3.44% 3.68% 4.24% 4.38% 5.01% 6.19% 7.35% 5.94% 5.49% 5.78% 6.00% 7.03% 7.58% 7.63% 8.08% 8.02% 8.05% 8.11% 8.16% 7.68% 7.25% 7.62% 8.12% 8.61% 9.03% 9.33% 9.55% 9.71% 9.81% 9.83% 9.85% 9.86% 9.87% 9.87% 9.86% 9.84% 9.83% 9.79% 9.75% 9.70% 9.64%
Washington Baseline 3.66% 3.64% 4.55% 4.54% 4.85% 5.59% 5.77% 6.60% 8.17% 9.70% 7.84% 7.24% 7.62% 7.91% 9.27% 9.99% 10.07% 10.65% 10.58% 10.61% 10.69% 10.76% 9.96% 8.52% 8.95% 9.55% 10.12% 10.62% 10.98% 11.25% 11.54% 11.83% 12.03% 12.13% 12.24% 12.35% 12.46% 12.57% 12.63% 12.67% 12.68% 12.69% 12.71% 12.71%
  Optimistic 3.66% 3.64% 4.55% 4.54% 4.85% 5.59% 5.77% 6.60% 8.17% 9.70% 7.84% 7.24% 7.62% 7.91% 9.27% 9.99% 10.07% 10.65% 10.58% 10.61% 10.69% 10.76% 9.96% 8.52% 8.95% 9.55% 10.12% 10.61% 10.97% 11.22% 11.41% 11.53% 11.55% 11.57% 11.59% 11.60% 11.60% 11.59% 11.57% 11.55% 11.51% 11.45% 11.40% 11.33%
West Virginia Baseline 2.25% 2.23% 2.79% 2.78% 2.97% 3.43% 3.54% 4.05% 5.01% 5.95% 4.81% 4.44% 4.68% 4.85% 5.69% 6.13% 6.17% 6.53% 6.49% 6.51% 6.56% 6.60% 6.61% 7.36% 7.73% 8.25% 8.74% 9.18% 9.49% 9.72% 9.97% 10.22% 10.39% 10.48% 10.57% 10.67% 10.76% 10.86% 10.91% 10.94% 10.96% 10.96% 10.98% 10.98%
  Optimistic 2.25% 2.23% 2.79% 2.78% 2.97% 3.43% 3.54% 4.05% 5.01% 5.95% 4.81% 4.44% 4.68% 4.85% 5.69% 6.13% 6.17% 6.53% 6.49% 6.51% 6.56% 6.60% 6.61% 7.36% 7.73% 8.25% 8.74% 9.17% 9.48% 9.69% 9.86% 9.96% 9.97% 9.99% 10.01% 10.02% 10.02% 10.01% 9.99% 9.97% 9.94% 9.89% 9.85% 9.79%
Wisconsin Baseline 2.49% 2.48% 3.10% 3.09% 3.30% 3.80% 3.93% 4.50% 5.56% 6.61% 5.34% 4.93% 5.19% 5.39% 6.32% 6.81% 6.86% 7.26% 7.20% 7.23% 7.28% 7.33% 7.48% 7.77% 8.16% 8.71% 9.23% 9.69% 10.01% 10.26% 10.52% 10.79% 10.97% 11.06% 11.16% 11.26% 11.36% 11.46% 11.52% 11.55% 11.57% 11.58% 11.59% 11.59%
  Optimistic 2.49% 2.48% 3.10% 3.09% 3.30% 3.80% 3.93% 4.50% 5.56% 6.61% 5.34% 4.93% 5.19% 5.39% 6.32% 6.81% 6.86% 7.26% 7.20% 7.23% 7.28% 7.33% 7.48% 7.77% 8.16% 8.71% 9.23% 9.68% 10.00% 10.23% 10.41% 10.51% 10.53% 10.55% 10.57% 10.58% 10.58% 10.57% 10.55% 10.53% 10.50% 10.44% 10.39% 10.34%
Wyoming Baseline 2.37% 2.35% 2.94% 2.93% 3.13% 3.61% 3.73% 4.26% 5.27% 6.26% 5.06% 4.68% 4.92% 5.11% 5.99% 6.45% 6.50% 6.88% 6.83% 6.85% 6.91% 6.95% 7.51% 7.87% 8.27% 8.82% 9.35% 9.81% 10.14% 10.39% 10.66% 10.93% 11.11% 11.20% 11.31% 11.41% 11.51% 11.61% 11.66% 11.70% 11.72% 11.72% 11.74% 11.74%
  Optimistic 2.37% 2.35% 2.94% 2.93% 3.13% 3.61% 3.73% 4.26% 5.27% 6.26% 5.06% 4.68% 4.92% 5.11% 5.99% 6.45% 6.50% 6.88% 6.83% 6.85% 6.91% 6.95% 7.51% 7.87% 8.27% 8.82% 9.35% 9.80% 10.13% 10.37% 10.54% 10.65% 10.67% 10.69% 10.71% 10.71% 10.71% 10.70% 10.69% 10.67% 10.63% 10.58% 10.53% 10.47%


 
 
 
Milken Institute
Milken Institute analysis based on MEPS, NHIS, etc.
For more information refer to full report “An Unhealthy America: Economic Burden of Chronic Disease” or visit www.milkeninstitute.org