Risk Factors

A healthier America depends on numerous factors, including making changes in lifestyle and health-related behavior and treatments. The risk factor categories below show the baseline projected data for each category and the projected data to achieve the optimistic course in the study.


    Obesity    Smoking    Alcohol    Overweight    Physical Activity    Cholesterol    Air Quality    Illicit Drug Use   
 

Diets High in Cholesterol

Represents the percentage of total population who reported having been checked for the condition and were told they had high blood cholesterol.
    1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
United States Baseline 7.93% 11.12% 14.16% 15.70% 16.92% 17.97% 19.43% 19.36% 19.28% 19.60% 19.91% 20.61% 21.30% 26.12% 30.93% 32.25% 33.56% 34.92% 36.29% 37.45% 38.30% 39.00% 39.40% 39.80% 40.00% 40.15% 40.40% 40.70% 41.00% 41.30% 41.60% 41.85% 42.00% 42.15% 42.20% 42.22% 42.23%
  Optimistic 7.93% 11.12% 14.16% 15.70% 16.92% 17.97% 19.43% 19.36% 19.28% 19.60% 19.91% 20.61% 21.30% 26.12% 30.93% 32.25% 33.56% 34.92% 36.09% 36.87% 37.60% 38.00% 38.15% 37.85% 37.25% 36.50% 35.40% 34.12% 33.40% 32.75% 32.30% 32.00% 31.80% 31.70% 31.60% 31.55% 31.50%
Alabama Baseline 8.43% 11.81% 15.05% 16.68% 17.98% 19.09% 20.64% 20.56% 20.49% 20.82% 21.15% 21.89% 22.63% 27.75% 32.86% 34.44% 36.01% 37.47% 38.94% 40.18% 41.10% 41.85% 42.28% 42.71% 42.92% 43.08% 43.35% 43.67% 43.99% 44.32% 44.64% 44.91% 45.07% 45.23% 45.28% 45.30% 45.31%
  Optimistic 8.43% 11.81% 15.05% 16.68% 17.98% 19.09% 20.64% 20.56% 20.49% 20.82% 21.15% 21.89% 22.63% 27.75% 32.86% 34.44% 36.01% 37.47% 38.73% 39.56% 40.35% 40.78% 40.94% 40.61% 39.97% 39.17% 37.99% 36.61% 35.84% 35.14% 34.66% 34.34% 34.12% 34.02% 33.91% 33.85% 33.80%
Alaska Baseline 7.37% 10.33% 13.16% 14.59% 15.72% 16.69% 18.05% 17.98% 17.91% 18.21% 18.50% 19.14% 19.79% 24.26% 28.73% 28.17% 27.60% 28.72% 29.85% 30.80% 31.50% 32.08% 32.41% 32.74% 32.90% 33.02% 33.23% 33.48% 33.72% 33.97% 34.22% 34.42% 34.55% 34.67% 34.71% 34.73% 34.73%
  Optimistic 7.37% 10.33% 13.16% 14.59% 15.72% 16.69% 18.05% 17.98% 17.91% 18.21% 18.50% 19.14% 19.79% 24.26% 28.73% 28.17% 27.60% 28.72% 29.68% 30.33% 30.93% 31.26% 31.38% 31.13% 30.64% 30.02% 29.12% 28.06% 27.47% 26.94% 26.57% 26.32% 26.16% 26.07% 25.99% 25.95% 25.91%
Arizona Baseline 7.78% 10.91% 13.90% 15.40% 16.60% 17.63% 19.06% 18.99% 18.92% 19.23% 19.54% 20.22% 20.90% 25.62% 30.35% 32.49% 34.64% 36.04% 37.45% 38.65% 39.53% 40.25% 40.66% 41.08% 41.28% 41.44% 41.70% 42.01% 42.32% 42.63% 42.93% 43.19% 43.35% 43.50% 43.55% 43.57% 43.59%
  Optimistic 7.78% 10.91% 13.90% 15.40% 16.60% 17.63% 19.06% 18.99% 18.92% 19.23% 19.54% 20.22% 20.90% 25.62% 30.35% 32.49% 34.64% 36.04% 37.25% 38.05% 38.81% 39.22% 39.37% 39.06% 38.45% 37.67% 36.54% 35.21% 34.47% 33.80% 33.34% 33.03% 32.82% 32.72% 32.61% 32.56% 32.51%
Arkansas Baseline 7.66% 10.74% 13.68% 15.17% 16.34% 17.36% 18.77% 18.70% 18.63% 18.93% 19.23% 19.91% 20.58% 25.23% 29.88% 32.33% 34.78% 36.19% 37.61% 38.81% 39.69% 40.42% 40.83% 41.25% 41.46% 41.61% 41.87% 42.18% 42.49% 42.80% 43.11% 43.37% 43.53% 43.68% 43.74% 43.76% 43.77%
  Optimistic 7.66% 10.74% 13.68% 15.17% 16.34% 17.36% 18.77% 18.70% 18.63% 18.93% 19.23% 19.91% 20.58% 25.23% 29.88% 32.33% 34.78% 36.19% 37.40% 38.21% 38.97% 39.38% 39.54% 39.23% 38.61% 37.83% 36.69% 35.36% 34.62% 33.94% 33.48% 33.16% 32.96% 32.85% 32.75% 32.70% 32.65%
California Baseline 8.12% 11.38% 14.51% 16.08% 17.33% 18.40% 19.90% 19.82% 19.75% 20.07% 20.39% 21.10% 21.82% 26.75% 31.68% 32.17% 32.67% 33.99% 35.32% 36.45% 37.28% 37.96% 38.35% 38.74% 38.93% 39.08% 39.32% 39.62% 39.91% 40.20% 40.49% 40.73% 40.88% 41.03% 41.08% 41.10% 41.10%
  Optimistic 8.12% 11.38% 14.51% 16.08% 17.33% 18.40% 19.90% 19.82% 19.75% 20.07% 20.39% 21.10% 21.82% 26.75% 31.68% 32.17% 32.67% 33.99% 35.13% 35.89% 36.60% 36.99% 37.13% 36.84% 36.26% 35.53% 34.46% 33.21% 32.51% 31.88% 31.44% 31.15% 30.95% 30.86% 30.76% 30.71% 30.66%
Colorado Baseline 7.54% 10.57% 13.46% 14.92% 16.08% 17.08% 18.47% 18.40% 18.33% 18.63% 18.93% 19.59% 20.25% 24.82% 29.40% 21.50% 31.85% 33.14% 34.44% 35.55% 36.35% 37.02% 37.40% 37.78% 37.97% 38.11% 38.35% 38.63% 38.91% 39.20% 39.48% 39.72% 39.86% 40.01% 40.05% 40.07% 40.08%
  Optimistic 7.54% 10.57% 13.46% 14.92% 16.08% 17.08% 18.47% 18.40% 18.33% 18.63% 18.93% 19.59% 20.25% 24.82% 29.40% 21.50% 31.85% 33.14% 34.25% 34.99% 35.69% 36.07% 36.21% 35.92% 35.36% 34.64% 33.60% 32.38% 31.70% 31.08% 30.66% 30.37% 30.18% 30.09% 29.99% 29.95% 29.90%
Connecticut Baseline 7.64% 10.71% 13.65% 15.13% 16.30% 17.31% 18.72% 18.65% 18.58% 18.88% 19.18% 19.85% 20.52% 25.16% 29.80% 30.30% 30.79% 32.04% 33.30% 34.36% 35.14% 35.78% 36.15% 36.52% 36.70% 36.84% 37.07% 37.34% 37.62% 37.89% 38.17% 38.40% 38.53% 38.67% 38.72% 38.74% 38.75%
  Optimistic 7.64% 10.71% 13.65% 15.13% 16.30% 17.31% 18.72% 18.65% 18.58% 18.88% 19.18% 19.85% 20.52% 25.16% 29.80% 30.30% 30.79% 32.04% 33.11% 33.83% 34.50% 34.86% 35.00% 34.73% 34.18% 33.49% 32.48% 31.30% 30.64% 30.05% 29.63% 29.36% 29.18% 29.08% 28.99% 28.95% 28.90%
Delaware Baseline 7.83% 10.97% 13.98% 15.50% 16.70% 17.74% 19.18% 19.11% 19.03% 19.34% 19.65% 20.34% 21.03% 25.78% 30.53% 32.63% 34.73% 36.14% 37.56% 38.76% 39.64% 40.36% 40.77% 41.19% 41.40% 41.55% 41.81% 42.12% 42.43% 42.74% 43.05% 43.31% 43.47% 43.62% 43.67% 43.69% 43.70%
  Optimistic 7.83% 10.97% 13.98% 15.50% 16.70% 17.74% 19.18% 19.11% 19.03% 19.34% 19.65% 20.34% 21.03% 25.78% 30.53% 32.63% 34.73% 36.14% 37.35% 38.16% 38.91% 39.33% 39.48% 39.17% 38.55% 37.77% 36.64% 35.31% 34.57% 33.89% 33.43% 33.12% 32.91% 32.81% 32.70% 32.65% 32.60%
District of Columbia Baseline 7.45% 10.44% 13.30% 14.74% 15.89% 16.87% 18.24% 18.17% 18.10% 18.40% 18.69% 19.35% 20.00% 24.52% 29.04% 23.89% 29.22% 30.40% 31.59% 32.60% 33.34% 33.95% 34.30% 34.65% 34.82% 34.95% 35.17% 35.43% 35.69% 35.95% 36.22% 36.43% 36.56% 36.69% 36.74% 36.76% 36.76%
  Optimistic 7.45% 10.44% 13.30% 14.74% 15.89% 16.87% 18.24% 18.17% 18.10% 18.40% 18.69% 19.35% 20.00% 24.52% 29.04% 23.89% 29.22% 30.40% 31.42% 32.10% 32.73% 33.08% 33.21% 32.95% 32.43% 31.78% 30.82% 29.70% 29.08% 28.51% 28.12% 27.86% 27.68% 27.60% 27.51% 27.47% 27.42%
Florida Baseline 7.95% 11.14% 14.20% 15.74% 16.96% 18.01% 19.48% 19.40% 19.33% 19.64% 19.96% 20.65% 21.35% 26.18% 31.00% 26.35% 35.12% 36.55% 37.98% 39.19% 40.08% 40.82% 41.24% 41.65% 41.86% 42.02% 42.28% 42.60% 42.91% 43.22% 43.54% 43.80% 43.96% 44.11% 44.17% 44.19% 44.20%
  Optimistic 7.95% 11.14% 14.20% 15.74% 16.96% 18.01% 19.48% 19.40% 19.33% 19.64% 19.96% 20.65% 21.35% 26.18% 31.00% 26.35% 35.12% 36.55% 37.77% 38.59% 39.35% 39.77% 39.93% 39.61% 38.99% 38.20% 37.05% 35.71% 34.96% 34.28% 33.80% 33.49% 33.28% 33.18% 33.07% 33.02% 32.97%
Georgia Baseline 8.18% 11.47% 14.61% 16.20% 17.46% 18.54% 20.05% 19.97% 19.90% 20.22% 20.55% 21.26% 21.98% 26.95% 31.92% 32.54% 33.17% 34.51% 35.87% 37.02% 37.86% 38.55% 38.94% 39.34% 39.54% 39.68% 39.93% 40.23% 40.52% 40.82% 41.12% 41.36% 41.51% 41.66% 41.71% 41.73% 41.74%
  Optimistic 8.18% 11.47% 14.61% 16.20% 17.46% 18.54% 20.05% 19.97% 19.90% 20.22% 20.55% 21.26% 21.98% 26.95% 31.92% 32.54% 33.17% 34.51% 35.67% 36.44% 37.16% 37.56% 37.71% 37.41% 36.82% 36.08% 34.99% 33.72% 33.01% 32.37% 31.92% 31.63% 31.43% 31.33% 31.23% 31.18% 31.13%
Hawaii Baseline 6.43% 9.02% 11.49% 12.74% 13.72% 14.57% 15.76% 15.70% 15.64% 15.90% 16.15% 16.71% 17.28% 21.18% 25.09% 26.03% 26.97% 28.06% 29.17% 30.10% 30.78% 31.34% 31.67% 31.99% 32.15% 32.27% 32.47% 32.71% 32.95% 33.19% 33.43% 33.63% 33.75% 33.88% 33.92% 33.93% 33.94%
  Optimistic 6.43% 9.02% 11.49% 12.74% 13.72% 14.57% 15.76% 15.70% 15.64% 15.90% 16.15% 16.71% 17.28% 21.18% 25.09% 26.03% 26.97% 28.06% 29.01% 29.63% 30.22% 30.54% 30.66% 30.42% 29.94% 29.33% 28.45% 27.42% 26.84% 26.32% 25.96% 25.72% 25.56% 25.48% 25.40% 25.36% 25.32%
Idaho Baseline 7.77% 10.90% 13.88% 15.39% 16.59% 17.61% 19.05% 18.97% 18.90% 19.21% 19.52% 20.20% 20.88% 25.60% 30.32% 30.69% 31.05% 32.31% 33.58% 34.65% 35.44% 36.08% 36.45% 36.82% 37.01% 37.15% 37.38% 37.66% 37.93% 38.21% 38.49% 38.72% 38.86% 39.00% 39.04% 39.06% 39.07%
  Optimistic 7.77% 10.90% 13.88% 15.39% 16.59% 17.61% 19.05% 18.97% 18.90% 19.21% 19.52% 20.20% 20.88% 25.60% 30.32% 30.69% 31.05% 32.31% 33.39% 34.11% 34.79% 35.16% 35.30% 35.02% 34.46% 33.77% 32.75% 31.57% 30.90% 30.30% 29.88% 29.61% 29.42% 29.33% 29.24% 29.19% 29.14%
Illinois Baseline 7.53% 10.55% 13.44% 14.90% 16.06% 17.06% 18.44% 18.37% 18.30% 18.60% 18.90% 19.56% 20.22% 24.79% 29.36% 10.27% 33.62% 34.98% 36.35% 37.51% 38.36% 39.06% 39.47% 39.87% 40.07% 40.22% 40.47% 40.77% 41.07% 41.37% 41.67% 41.92% 42.07% 42.22% 42.27% 42.29% 42.30%
  Optimistic 7.53% 10.55% 13.44% 14.90% 16.06% 17.06% 18.44% 18.37% 18.30% 18.60% 18.90% 19.56% 20.22% 24.79% 29.36% 10.27% 33.62% 34.98% 36.15% 36.93% 37.66% 38.06% 38.21% 37.91% 37.31% 36.56% 35.46% 34.18% 33.46% 32.80% 32.35% 32.05% 31.85% 31.75% 31.65% 31.60% 31.55%
Indiana Baseline 7.72% 10.81% 13.78% 15.27% 16.46% 17.48% 18.90% 18.83% 18.76% 19.06% 19.37% 20.05% 20.72% 25.40% 30.09% 32.57% 35.05% 36.47% 37.90% 39.11% 40.00% 40.73% 41.15% 41.57% 41.78% 41.93% 42.20% 42.51% 42.82% 43.14% 43.45% 43.71% 43.87% 44.02% 44.08% 44.10% 44.11%
  Optimistic 7.72% 10.81% 13.78% 15.27% 16.46% 17.48% 18.90% 18.83% 18.76% 19.06% 19.37% 20.05% 20.72% 25.40% 30.09% 32.57% 35.05% 36.47% 37.69% 38.51% 39.27% 39.69% 39.85% 39.53% 38.91% 38.12% 36.97% 35.64% 34.88% 34.21% 33.74% 33.42% 33.21% 33.11% 33.00% 32.95% 32.90%
Iowa Baseline 7.80% 10.93% 13.92% 15.43% 16.63% 17.66% 19.10% 19.02% 18.95% 19.26% 19.57% 20.25% 20.94% 25.67% 30.40% 24.37% 31.73% 33.02% 34.31% 35.41% 36.21% 36.88% 37.25% 37.63% 37.82% 37.96% 38.20% 38.48% 38.77% 39.05% 39.33% 39.57% 39.71% 39.85% 39.90% 39.92% 39.93%
  Optimistic 7.80% 10.93% 13.92% 15.43% 16.63% 17.66% 19.10% 19.02% 18.95% 19.26% 19.57% 20.25% 20.94% 25.67% 30.40% 24.37% 31.73% 33.02% 34.12% 34.86% 35.55% 35.93% 36.07% 35.79% 35.22% 34.51% 33.47% 32.26% 31.58% 30.97% 30.54% 30.26% 30.07% 29.97% 29.88% 29.83% 29.78%
Kansas Baseline 7.50% 10.51% 13.39% 14.84% 15.99% 16.99% 18.37% 18.30% 18.23% 18.53% 18.82% 19.48% 20.14% 24.69% 29.24% 29.33% 29.43% 30.62% 31.82% 32.84% 33.58% 34.20% 34.55% 34.90% 35.07% 35.20% 35.42% 35.69% 35.95% 36.21% 36.48% 36.69% 36.83% 36.96% 37.00% 37.02% 37.03%
  Optimistic 7.50% 10.51% 13.39% 14.84% 15.99% 16.99% 18.37% 18.30% 18.23% 18.53% 18.82% 19.48% 20.14% 24.69% 29.24% 29.33% 29.43% 30.62% 31.64% 32.33% 32.97% 33.32% 33.45% 33.19% 32.66% 32.00% 31.04% 29.92% 29.29% 28.72% 28.32% 28.06% 27.88% 27.80% 27.71% 27.66% 27.62%
Kentucky Baseline 7.99% 11.19% 14.26% 15.81% 17.04% 18.09% 19.57% 19.49% 19.42% 19.73% 20.05% 20.75% 21.45% 26.30% 31.15% 33.34% 35.53% 36.97% 38.42% 39.65% 40.55% 41.29% 41.71% 42.13% 42.34% 42.50% 42.77% 43.09% 43.40% 43.72% 44.04% 44.30% 44.46% 44.62% 44.67% 44.69% 44.71%
  Optimistic 7.99% 11.19% 14.26% 15.81% 17.04% 18.09% 19.57% 19.49% 19.42% 19.73% 20.05% 20.75% 21.45% 26.30% 31.15% 33.34% 35.53% 36.97% 38.21% 39.03% 39.80% 40.23% 40.39% 40.07% 39.43% 38.64% 37.48% 36.12% 35.36% 34.67% 34.19% 33.88% 33.66% 33.56% 33.45% 33.40% 33.35%
Louisiana Baseline 7.08% 9.93% 12.65% 14.02% 15.11% 16.05% 17.35% 17.29% 17.22% 17.50% 17.79% 18.41% 19.03% 23.33% 27.63% 29.22% 30.82% 32.07% 33.33% 34.39% 35.17% 35.82% 36.18% 36.55% 36.73% 36.87% 37.10% 37.38% 37.65% 37.93% 38.20% 38.43% 38.57% 38.71% 38.75% 38.77% 38.78%
  Optimistic 7.08% 9.93% 12.65% 14.02% 15.11% 16.05% 17.35% 17.29% 17.22% 17.50% 17.79% 18.41% 19.03% 23.33% 27.63% 29.22% 30.82% 32.07% 33.14% 33.86% 34.53% 34.90% 35.04% 34.76% 34.21% 33.52% 32.51% 31.33% 30.67% 30.08% 29.66% 29.39% 29.20% 29.11% 29.02% 28.97% 28.93%
Maine Baseline 7.77% 10.89% 13.88% 15.39% 16.58% 17.61% 19.04% 18.97% 18.90% 19.20% 19.51% 20.19% 20.87% 25.59% 30.31% 31.96% 33.61% 34.98% 36.35% 37.51% 38.36% 39.06% 39.46% 39.86% 40.06% 40.21% 40.46% 40.76% 41.06% 41.37% 41.67% 41.92% 42.07% 42.22% 42.27% 42.29% 42.30%
  Optimistic 7.77% 10.89% 13.88% 15.39% 16.58% 17.61% 19.04% 18.97% 18.90% 19.20% 19.51% 20.19% 20.87% 25.59% 30.31% 31.96% 33.61% 34.98% 36.15% 36.93% 37.66% 38.06% 38.21% 37.91% 37.31% 36.56% 35.46% 34.17% 33.45% 32.80% 32.35% 32.05% 31.85% 31.75% 31.65% 31.60% 31.55%
Maryland Baseline 7.97% 11.16% 14.23% 15.77% 16.99% 18.05% 19.52% 19.44% 19.37% 19.68% 20.00% 20.70% 21.40% 26.23% 31.07% 32.46% 33.85% 35.22% 36.61% 37.78% 38.63% 39.34% 39.74% 40.15% 40.35% 40.50% 40.75% 41.05% 41.36% 41.66% 41.96% 42.21% 42.37% 42.52% 42.57% 42.59% 42.60%
  Optimistic 7.97% 11.16% 14.23% 15.77% 16.99% 18.05% 19.52% 19.44% 19.37% 19.68% 20.00% 20.70% 21.40% 26.23% 31.07% 32.46% 33.85% 35.22% 36.40% 37.19% 37.93% 38.33% 38.48% 38.18% 37.57% 36.82% 35.71% 34.42% 33.69% 33.04% 32.58% 32.28% 32.08% 31.98% 31.88% 31.82% 31.77%
Massachusetts Baseline 7.63% 10.69% 13.62% 15.10% 16.27% 17.28% 18.68% 18.61% 18.54% 18.84% 19.14% 19.81% 20.48% 25.11% 29.74% 31.09% 32.45% 33.76% 35.08% 36.21% 37.03% 37.70% 38.09% 38.48% 38.67% 38.82% 39.06% 39.35% 39.64% 39.93% 40.22% 40.46% 40.60% 40.75% 40.80% 40.82% 40.83%
  Optimistic 7.63% 10.69% 13.62% 15.10% 16.27% 17.28% 18.68% 18.61% 18.54% 18.84% 19.14% 19.81% 20.48% 25.11% 29.74% 31.09% 32.45% 33.76% 34.89% 35.65% 36.35% 36.74% 36.88% 36.59% 36.01% 35.29% 34.22% 32.99% 32.29% 31.66% 31.23% 30.94% 30.74% 30.65% 30.55% 30.50% 30.45%
Michigan Baseline 8.62% 12.08% 15.39% 17.06% 18.38% 19.52% 21.11% 21.03% 20.95% 21.29% 21.63% 22.39% 23.14% 28.37% 33.60% 35.89% 38.18% 39.73% 41.29% 42.61% 43.58% 44.37% 44.83% 45.28% 45.51% 45.68% 45.96% 46.31% 46.65% 46.99% 47.33% 47.61% 47.78% 47.96% 48.01% 48.04% 48.05%
  Optimistic 8.62% 12.08% 15.39% 17.06% 18.38% 19.52% 21.11% 21.03% 20.95% 21.29% 21.63% 22.39% 23.14% 28.37% 33.60% 35.89% 38.18% 39.73% 41.06% 41.95% 42.78% 43.23% 43.40% 43.06% 42.38% 41.53% 40.28% 38.82% 38.00% 37.26% 36.75% 36.41% 36.18% 36.07% 35.95% 35.90% 35.84%
Minnesota Baseline 7.74% 10.85% 13.82% 15.32% 16.51% 17.53% 18.96% 18.89% 18.81% 19.12% 19.43% 20.11% 20.78% 25.48% 30.18% 30.49% 30.81% 32.06% 33.32% 34.38% 35.16% 35.80% 36.17% 36.54% 36.72% 36.86% 37.09% 37.37% 37.64% 37.92% 38.19% 38.42% 38.56% 38.70% 38.74% 38.76% 38.77%
  Optimistic 7.74% 10.85% 13.82% 15.32% 16.51% 17.53% 18.96% 18.89% 18.81% 19.12% 19.43% 20.11% 20.78% 25.48% 30.18% 30.49% 30.81% 32.06% 33.13% 33.85% 34.52% 34.89% 35.02% 34.75% 34.20% 33.51% 32.50% 31.32% 30.66% 30.07% 29.65% 29.38% 29.19% 29.10% 29.01% 28.97% 28.92%
Mississippi Baseline 7.94% 11.13% 14.18% 15.72% 16.94% 17.99% 19.46% 19.38% 19.31% 19.63% 19.94% 20.64% 21.33% 26.15% 30.98% 32.02% 33.06% 34.40% 35.75% 36.89% 37.73% 38.42% 38.81% 39.21% 39.41% 39.55% 39.80% 40.10% 40.39% 40.69% 40.98% 41.23% 41.38% 41.52% 41.57% 41.59% 41.60%
  Optimistic 7.94% 11.13% 14.18% 15.72% 16.94% 17.99% 19.46% 19.38% 19.31% 19.63% 19.94% 20.64% 21.33% 26.15% 30.98% 32.02% 33.06% 34.40% 35.55% 36.32% 37.04% 37.44% 37.58% 37.29% 36.70% 35.96% 34.87% 33.61% 32.90% 32.26% 31.82% 31.52% 31.33% 31.23% 31.13% 31.08% 31.03%
Missouri Baseline 8.03% 11.25% 14.34% 15.90% 17.13% 18.19% 19.67% 19.60% 19.52% 19.84% 20.16% 20.86% 21.57% 26.44% 31.32% 32.46% 33.61% 34.97% 36.34% 37.50% 38.35% 39.05% 39.45% 39.85% 40.05% 40.20% 40.45% 40.76% 41.06% 41.36% 41.66% 41.91% 42.06% 42.21% 42.26% 42.28% 42.29%
  Optimistic 8.03% 11.25% 14.34% 15.90% 17.13% 18.19% 19.67% 19.60% 19.52% 19.84% 20.16% 20.86% 21.57% 26.44% 31.32% 32.46% 33.61% 34.97% 36.14% 36.92% 37.65% 38.05% 38.20% 37.90% 37.30% 36.55% 35.45% 34.17% 33.45% 32.79% 32.34% 32.04% 31.84% 31.74% 31.64% 31.59% 31.54%
Montana Baseline 7.43% 10.42% 13.27% 14.72% 15.86% 16.84% 18.21% 18.14% 18.07% 18.37% 18.66% 19.31% 19.96% 24.48% 28.99% 23.14% 29.84% 31.05% 32.27% 33.30% 34.06% 34.68% 35.04% 35.39% 35.57% 35.70% 35.93% 36.19% 36.46% 36.73% 36.99% 37.22% 37.35% 37.48% 37.53% 37.54% 37.55%
  Optimistic 7.43% 10.42% 13.27% 14.72% 15.86% 16.84% 18.21% 18.14% 18.07% 18.37% 18.66% 19.31% 19.96% 24.48% 28.99% 23.14% 29.84% 31.05% 32.09% 32.79% 33.44% 33.79% 33.93% 33.66% 33.12% 32.46% 31.48% 30.34% 29.70% 29.12% 28.72% 28.46% 28.28% 28.19% 28.10% 28.06% 28.01%
Nebraska Baseline 7.12% 9.98% 12.71% 14.09% 15.19% 16.13% 17.44% 17.37% 17.31% 17.59% 17.87% 18.49% 19.12% 23.44% 27.76% 29.15% 30.54% 31.77% 33.02% 34.07% 34.85% 35.48% 35.85% 36.21% 36.39% 36.53% 36.76% 37.03% 37.30% 37.58% 37.85% 38.08% 38.21% 38.35% 38.40% 38.41% 38.42%
  Optimistic 7.12% 9.98% 12.71% 14.09% 15.19% 16.13% 17.44% 17.37% 17.31% 17.59% 17.87% 18.49% 19.12% 23.44% 27.76% 29.15% 30.54% 31.77% 32.84% 33.55% 34.21% 34.57% 34.71% 34.44% 33.89% 33.21% 32.21% 31.04% 30.39% 29.80% 29.39% 29.12% 28.93% 28.84% 28.75% 28.71% 28.66%
Nevada Baseline 9.35% 13.10% 16.70% 18.51% 19.95% 21.18% 22.91% 22.82% 22.73% 23.10% 23.47% 24.29% 25.11% 30.79% 36.46% 36.64% 36.82% 38.31% 39.81% 41.08% 42.02% 42.79% 43.22% 43.66% 43.88% 44.05% 44.32% 44.65% 44.98% 45.31% 45.64% 45.91% 46.08% 46.24% 46.30% 46.32% 46.33%
  Optimistic 9.35% 13.10% 16.70% 18.51% 19.95% 21.18% 22.91% 22.82% 22.73% 23.10% 23.47% 24.29% 25.11% 30.79% 36.46% 36.64% 36.82% 38.31% 39.59% 40.45% 41.25% 41.69% 41.85% 41.52% 40.87% 40.04% 38.84% 37.43% 36.64% 35.93% 35.43% 35.11% 34.89% 34.78% 34.67% 34.61% 34.56%
New Hampshire Baseline 7.96% 11.15% 14.21% 15.75% 16.97% 18.02% 19.49% 19.42% 19.34% 19.66% 19.97% 20.67% 21.37% 26.20% 31.03% 32.23% 33.44% 34.79% 36.16% 37.31% 38.16% 38.86% 39.26% 39.66% 39.86% 40.01% 40.25% 40.55% 40.85% 41.15% 41.45% 41.70% 41.85% 42.00% 42.05% 42.07% 42.08%
  Optimistic 7.96% 11.15% 14.21% 15.75% 16.97% 18.02% 19.49% 19.42% 19.34% 19.66% 19.97% 20.67% 21.37% 26.20% 31.03% 32.23% 33.44% 34.79% 35.96% 36.74% 37.46% 37.86% 38.01% 37.71% 37.12% 36.37% 35.27% 34.00% 33.28% 32.63% 32.18% 31.88% 31.69% 31.59% 31.49% 31.44% 31.39%
New Jersey Baseline 7.75% 10.86% 13.83% 15.34% 16.53% 17.55% 18.98% 18.91% 18.83% 19.14% 19.45% 20.13% 20.81% 25.51% 30.21% 32.01% 33.81% 35.18% 36.56% 37.73% 38.58% 39.29% 39.69% 40.09% 40.30% 40.45% 40.70% 41.00% 41.30% 41.61% 41.91% 42.16% 42.31% 42.46% 42.51% 42.53% 42.54%
  Optimistic 7.75% 10.86% 13.83% 15.34% 16.53% 17.55% 18.98% 18.91% 18.83% 19.14% 19.45% 20.13% 20.81% 25.51% 30.21% 32.01% 33.81% 35.18% 36.36% 37.14% 37.88% 38.28% 38.43% 38.13% 37.53% 36.77% 35.66% 34.37% 33.65% 32.99% 32.54% 32.24% 32.04% 31.93% 31.83% 31.78% 31.73%
New Mexico Baseline 6.37% 8.93% 11.37% 12.61% 13.59% 14.43% 15.61% 15.55% 15.49% 15.74% 15.99% 16.55% 17.11% 20.97% 24.84% 26.03% 27.22% 28.33% 29.44% 30.38% 31.07% 31.64% 31.96% 32.29% 32.45% 32.57% 32.77% 33.02% 33.26% 33.50% 33.75% 33.95% 34.07% 34.19% 34.23% 34.25% 34.26%
  Optimistic 6.37% 8.93% 11.37% 12.61% 13.59% 14.43% 15.61% 15.55% 15.49% 15.74% 15.99% 16.55% 17.11% 20.97% 24.84% 26.03% 27.22% 28.33% 29.28% 29.91% 30.50% 30.83% 30.95% 30.70% 30.22% 29.61% 28.72% 27.68% 27.09% 26.57% 26.20% 25.96% 25.80% 25.72% 25.63% 25.59% 25.55%
New York Baseline 7.73% 10.83% 13.80% 15.29% 16.48% 17.50% 18.93% 18.85% 18.78% 19.09% 19.40% 20.07% 20.75% 25.44% 30.13% 32.52% 34.92% 36.33% 37.76% 38.96% 39.85% 40.57% 40.99% 41.41% 41.62% 41.77% 42.03% 42.34% 42.66% 42.97% 43.28% 43.54% 43.70% 43.85% 43.90% 43.92% 43.94%
  Optimistic 7.73% 10.83% 13.80% 15.29% 16.48% 17.50% 18.93% 18.85% 18.78% 19.09% 19.40% 20.07% 20.75% 25.44% 30.13% 32.52% 34.92% 36.33% 37.55% 38.36% 39.12% 39.53% 39.69% 39.38% 38.75% 37.97% 36.83% 35.50% 34.75% 34.07% 33.60% 33.29% 33.08% 32.98% 32.88% 32.82% 32.77%
North Carolina Baseline 7.41% 10.38% 13.23% 14.66% 15.80% 16.78% 18.14% 18.07% 18.01% 18.30% 18.59% 19.24% 19.89% 24.39% 28.88% 31.42% 33.96% 35.34% 36.73% 37.90% 38.76% 39.47% 39.87% 40.28% 40.48% 40.63% 40.89% 41.19% 41.49% 41.80% 42.10% 42.35% 42.50% 42.66% 42.71% 42.73% 42.74%
  Optimistic 7.41% 10.38% 13.23% 14.66% 15.80% 16.78% 18.14% 18.07% 18.01% 18.30% 18.59% 19.24% 19.89% 24.39% 28.88% 31.42% 33.96% 35.34% 36.52% 37.31% 38.05% 38.46% 38.61% 38.31% 37.70% 36.94% 35.83% 34.53% 33.80% 33.14% 32.69% 32.38% 32.18% 32.08% 31.98% 31.93% 31.88%
North Dakota Baseline 7.59% 10.64% 13.56% 15.03% 16.20% 17.20% 18.60% 18.53% 18.46% 18.76% 19.06% 19.73% 20.39% 25.00% 29.61% 24.73% 32.63% 33.96% 35.29% 36.42% 37.24% 37.92% 38.31% 38.70% 38.89% 39.04% 39.28% 39.58% 39.87% 40.16% 40.45% 40.69% 40.84% 40.99% 41.03% 41.05% 41.06%
  Optimistic 7.59% 10.64% 13.56% 15.03% 16.20% 17.20% 18.60% 18.53% 18.46% 18.76% 19.06% 19.73% 20.39% 25.00% 29.61% 24.73% 32.63% 33.96% 35.09% 35.85% 36.56% 36.95% 37.10% 36.80% 36.22% 35.49% 34.42% 33.18% 32.48% 31.85% 31.41% 31.12% 30.92% 30.82% 30.73% 30.68% 30.63%
Ohio Baseline 8.40% 11.78% 15.01% 16.64% 17.93% 19.04% 20.59% 20.51% 20.43% 20.76% 21.10% 21.83% 22.57% 27.67% 32.77% 24.90% 33.94% 35.32% 36.70% 37.88% 38.74% 39.45% 39.85% 40.25% 40.46% 40.61% 40.86% 41.16% 41.47% 41.77% 42.07% 42.33% 42.48% 42.63% 42.68% 42.70% 42.71%
  Optimistic 8.40% 11.78% 15.01% 16.64% 17.93% 19.04% 20.59% 20.51% 20.43% 20.76% 21.10% 21.83% 22.57% 27.67% 32.77% 24.90% 33.94% 35.32% 36.50% 37.29% 38.03% 38.43% 38.59% 38.28% 37.68% 36.92% 35.80% 34.51% 33.78% 33.12% 32.67% 32.37% 32.16% 32.06% 31.96% 31.91% 31.86%
Oklahoma Baseline 7.60% 10.65% 13.57% 15.04% 16.21% 17.21% 18.61% 18.54% 18.47% 18.77% 19.07% 19.74% 20.40% 25.02% 29.63% 30.80% 31.98% 33.28% 34.58% 35.69% 36.50% 37.16% 37.54% 37.93% 38.12% 38.26% 38.50% 38.78% 39.07% 39.36% 39.64% 39.88% 40.02% 40.17% 40.21% 40.23% 40.24%
  Optimistic 7.60% 10.65% 13.57% 15.04% 16.21% 17.21% 18.61% 18.54% 18.47% 18.77% 19.07% 19.74% 20.40% 25.02% 29.63% 30.80% 31.98% 33.28% 34.39% 35.13% 35.83% 36.21% 36.35% 36.07% 35.50% 34.78% 33.73% 32.51% 31.83% 31.21% 30.78% 30.49% 30.30% 30.21% 30.11% 30.06% 30.02%
Oregon Baseline 8.23% 11.54% 14.70% 16.30% 17.57% 18.65% 20.17% 20.09% 20.02% 20.34% 20.67% 21.39% 22.11% 27.11% 32.11% 23.38% 34.06% 35.44% 36.83% 38.01% 38.87% 39.58% 39.99% 40.39% 40.59% 40.75% 41.00% 41.30% 41.61% 41.91% 42.22% 42.47% 42.62% 42.78% 42.83% 42.85% 42.86%
  Optimistic 8.23% 11.54% 14.70% 16.30% 17.57% 18.65% 20.17% 20.09% 20.02% 20.34% 20.67% 21.39% 22.11% 27.11% 32.11% 23.38% 34.06% 35.44% 36.63% 37.42% 38.16% 38.56% 38.72% 38.41% 37.80% 37.04% 35.93% 34.63% 33.90% 33.24% 32.78% 32.48% 32.27% 32.17% 32.07% 32.02% 31.97%
Pennsylvania Baseline 8.33% 11.67% 14.87% 16.49% 17.77% 18.87% 20.41% 20.33% 20.25% 20.58% 20.91% 21.64% 22.37% 27.43% 32.48% 33.86% 35.24% 36.67% 38.11% 39.32% 40.22% 40.95% 41.37% 41.79% 42.00% 42.16% 42.42% 42.74% 43.05% 43.37% 43.68% 43.94% 44.10% 44.26% 44.31% 44.33% 44.34%
  Optimistic 8.33% 11.67% 14.87% 16.49% 17.77% 18.87% 20.41% 20.33% 20.25% 20.58% 20.91% 21.64% 22.37% 27.43% 32.48% 33.86% 35.24% 36.67% 37.90% 38.72% 39.48% 39.90% 40.06% 39.74% 39.11% 38.33% 37.17% 35.83% 35.07% 34.39% 33.92% 33.60% 33.39% 33.29% 33.18% 33.13% 33.08%
Rhode Island Baseline 8.49% 11.90% 15.17% 16.82% 18.12% 19.24% 20.81% 20.73% 20.65% 20.99% 21.32% 22.07% 22.81% 27.97% 33.12% 33.12% 33.11% 34.45% 35.80% 36.95% 37.79% 38.48% 38.87% 39.27% 39.46% 39.61% 39.86% 40.16% 40.45% 40.75% 41.04% 41.29% 41.44% 41.59% 41.64% 41.66% 41.66%
  Optimistic 8.49% 11.90% 15.17% 16.82% 18.12% 19.24% 20.81% 20.73% 20.65% 20.99% 21.32% 22.07% 22.81% 27.97% 33.12% 33.12% 33.11% 34.45% 35.61% 36.38% 37.10% 37.49% 37.64% 37.34% 36.75% 36.01% 34.93% 33.66% 32.95% 32.31% 31.87% 31.57% 31.37% 31.28% 31.18% 31.13% 31.08%
South Carolina Baseline 7.14% 10.01% 12.75% 14.14% 15.23% 16.18% 17.49% 17.43% 17.36% 17.64% 17.93% 18.55% 19.18% 23.51% 27.84% 24.25% 33.43% 34.79% 36.15% 37.31% 38.15% 38.85% 39.25% 39.65% 39.85% 40.00% 40.25% 40.55% 40.84% 41.14% 41.44% 41.69% 41.84% 41.99% 42.04% 42.06% 42.07%
  Optimistic 7.14% 10.01% 12.75% 14.14% 15.23% 16.18% 17.49% 17.43% 17.36% 17.64% 17.93% 18.55% 19.18% 23.51% 27.84% 24.25% 33.43% 34.79% 35.95% 36.73% 37.46% 37.86% 38.01% 37.71% 37.11% 36.36% 35.27% 33.99% 33.27% 32.63% 32.18% 31.88% 31.68% 31.58% 31.48% 31.43% 31.38%
South Dakota Baseline 7.57% 10.62% 13.53% 15.00% 16.16% 17.16% 18.56% 18.49% 18.42% 18.72% 19.02% 19.68% 20.34% 24.94% 29.54% 20.98% 31.15% 32.41% 33.69% 34.76% 35.55% 36.20% 36.57% 36.94% 37.13% 37.27% 37.50% 37.78% 38.06% 38.34% 38.61% 38.85% 38.99% 39.13% 39.17% 39.19% 39.20%
  Optimistic 7.57% 10.62% 13.53% 15.00% 16.16% 17.16% 18.56% 18.49% 18.42% 18.72% 19.02% 19.68% 20.34% 24.94% 29.54% 20.98% 31.15% 32.41% 33.50% 34.22% 34.90% 35.27% 35.41% 35.13% 34.58% 33.88% 32.86% 31.67% 31.00% 30.40% 29.98% 29.70% 29.52% 29.43% 29.33% 29.29% 29.24%
Tennessee Baseline 8.50% 11.92% 15.18% 16.83% 18.14% 19.26% 20.83% 20.75% 20.67% 21.01% 21.35% 22.09% 22.84% 28.00% 33.16% 22.48% 30.07% 31.29% 32.52% 33.56% 34.32% 34.94% 35.30% 35.66% 35.84% 35.98% 36.20% 36.47% 36.74% 37.01% 37.27% 37.50% 37.63% 37.77% 37.81% 37.83% 37.84%
  Optimistic 8.50% 11.92% 15.18% 16.83% 18.14% 19.26% 20.83% 20.75% 20.67% 21.01% 21.35% 22.09% 22.84% 28.00% 33.16% 22.48% 30.07% 31.29% 32.34% 33.04% 33.69% 34.05% 34.18% 33.91% 33.38% 32.70% 31.72% 30.57% 29.93% 29.34% 28.94% 28.67% 28.49% 28.40% 28.31% 28.27% 28.22%
Texas Baseline 8.15% 11.42% 14.55% 16.13% 17.38% 18.45% 19.96% 19.88% 19.80% 20.13% 20.45% 21.16% 21.88% 26.82% 31.77% 33.01% 34.26% 35.65% 37.05% 38.23% 39.10% 39.82% 40.22% 40.63% 40.84% 40.99% 41.25% 41.55% 41.86% 42.16% 42.47% 42.73% 42.88% 43.03% 43.08% 43.10% 43.11%
  Optimistic 8.15% 11.42% 14.55% 16.13% 17.38% 18.45% 19.96% 19.88% 19.80% 20.13% 20.45% 21.16% 21.88% 26.82% 31.77% 33.01% 34.26% 35.65% 36.85% 37.64% 38.39% 38.80% 38.95% 38.64% 38.03% 37.26% 36.14% 34.83% 34.10% 33.44% 32.98% 32.67% 32.47% 32.36% 32.26% 32.21% 32.16%
Utah Baseline 7.43% 10.41% 13.26% 14.70% 15.85% 16.83% 18.20% 18.13% 18.06% 18.35% 18.65% 19.30% 19.95% 24.46% 28.97% 28.36% 27.75% 28.87% 30.01% 30.97% 31.67% 32.25% 32.58% 32.91% 33.07% 33.20% 33.41% 33.65% 33.90% 34.15% 34.40% 34.60% 34.73% 34.85% 34.89% 34.91% 34.92%
  Optimistic 7.43% 10.41% 13.26% 14.70% 15.85% 16.83% 18.20% 18.13% 18.06% 18.35% 18.65% 19.30% 19.95% 24.46% 28.97% 28.36% 27.75% 28.87% 29.84% 30.49% 31.09% 31.42% 31.54% 31.30% 30.80% 30.18% 29.27% 28.21% 27.62% 27.08% 26.71% 26.46% 26.29% 26.21% 26.13% 26.09% 26.05%
Vermont Baseline 7.56% 10.60% 13.50% 14.97% 16.13% 17.13% 18.52% 18.45% 18.38% 18.68% 18.98% 19.65% 20.31% 24.90% 29.49% 30.21% 30.93% 32.19% 33.45% 34.52% 35.30% 35.95% 36.32% 36.68% 36.87% 37.01% 37.24% 37.51% 37.79% 38.07% 38.34% 38.57% 38.71% 38.85% 38.90% 38.91% 38.92%
  Optimistic 7.56% 10.60% 13.50% 14.97% 16.13% 17.13% 18.52% 18.45% 18.38% 18.68% 18.98% 19.65% 20.31% 24.90% 29.49% 30.21% 30.93% 32.19% 33.26% 33.98% 34.66% 35.02% 35.16% 34.89% 34.33% 33.64% 32.63% 31.45% 30.78% 30.19% 29.77% 29.49% 29.31% 29.22% 29.13% 29.08% 29.03%
Virginia Baseline 7.87% 11.03% 14.05% 15.58% 16.79% 17.83% 19.28% 19.20% 19.13% 19.44% 19.76% 20.44% 21.13% 25.91% 30.69% 25.56% 32.85% 34.18% 35.53% 36.66% 37.49% 38.18% 38.57% 38.96% 39.16% 39.30% 39.55% 39.84% 40.14% 40.43% 40.72% 40.97% 41.11% 41.26% 41.31% 41.33% 41.34%
  Optimistic 7.87% 11.03% 14.05% 15.58% 16.79% 17.83% 19.28% 19.20% 19.13% 19.44% 19.76% 20.44% 21.13% 25.91% 30.69% 25.56% 32.85% 34.18% 35.33% 36.09% 36.81% 37.20% 37.35% 37.05% 36.46% 35.73% 34.65% 33.40% 32.70% 32.06% 31.62% 31.33% 31.13% 31.03% 30.93% 30.88% 30.84%
Washington Baseline 7.48% 10.49% 13.36% 14.81% 15.96% 16.95% 18.33% 18.26% 18.19% 18.49% 18.78% 19.44% 20.09% 24.64% 29.18% 31.24% 33.31% 34.65% 36.01% 37.16% 38.01% 38.70% 39.10% 39.50% 39.70% 39.84% 40.09% 40.39% 40.69% 40.99% 41.28% 41.53% 41.68% 41.83% 41.88% 41.90% 41.91%
  Optimistic 7.48% 10.49% 13.36% 14.81% 15.96% 16.95% 18.33% 18.26% 18.19% 18.49% 18.78% 19.44% 20.09% 24.64% 29.18% 31.24% 33.31% 34.65% 35.82% 36.59% 37.31% 37.71% 37.86% 37.56% 36.97% 36.22% 35.13% 33.86% 33.15% 32.50% 32.05% 31.76% 31.56% 31.46% 31.36% 31.31% 31.26%
West Virginia Baseline 9.66% 13.54% 17.25% 19.12% 20.61% 21.88% 23.66% 23.57% 23.48% 23.87% 24.25% 25.10% 25.94% 31.81% 37.67% 37.86% 38.05% 39.59% 41.15% 42.46% 43.43% 44.22% 44.67% 45.13% 45.35% 45.52% 45.81% 46.15% 46.49% 46.83% 47.17% 47.45% 47.62% 47.79% 47.85% 47.87% 47.88%
  Optimistic 9.66% 13.54% 17.25% 19.12% 20.61% 21.88% 23.66% 23.57% 23.48% 23.87% 24.25% 25.10% 25.94% 31.81% 37.67% 37.86% 38.05% 39.59% 40.92% 41.80% 42.63% 43.09% 43.26% 42.92% 42.23% 41.38% 40.14% 38.69% 37.87% 37.13% 36.62% 36.28% 36.06% 35.94% 35.83% 35.77% 35.72%
Wisconsin Baseline 7.61% 10.66% 13.58% 15.06% 16.23% 17.23% 18.64% 18.57% 18.49% 18.80% 19.10% 19.76% 20.43% 25.05% 29.67% 31.21% 32.76% 34.08% 35.42% 36.55% 37.38% 38.06% 38.46% 38.85% 39.04% 39.19% 39.43% 39.72% 40.02% 40.31% 40.60% 40.85% 40.99% 41.14% 41.19% 41.21% 41.22%
  Optimistic 7.61% 10.66% 13.58% 15.06% 16.23% 17.23% 18.64% 18.57% 18.49% 18.80% 19.10% 19.76% 20.43% 25.05% 29.67% 31.21% 32.76% 34.08% 35.22% 35.99% 36.70% 37.09% 37.24% 36.94% 36.36% 35.62% 34.55% 33.30% 32.60% 31.96% 31.53% 31.23% 31.04% 30.94% 30.84% 30.79% 30.74%
Wyoming Baseline 7.82% 10.97% 13.97% 15.49% 16.69% 17.72% 19.17% 19.09% 19.02% 19.33% 19.64% 20.33% 21.01% 25.76% 30.51% 32.71% 34.91% 36.32% 37.74% 38.95% 39.84% 40.56% 40.98% 41.40% 41.60% 41.76% 42.02% 42.33% 42.64% 42.96% 43.27% 43.53% 43.68% 43.84% 43.89% 43.91% 43.92%
  Optimistic 7.82% 10.97% 13.97% 15.49% 16.69% 17.72% 19.17% 19.09% 19.02% 19.33% 19.64% 20.33% 21.01% 25.76% 30.51% 32.71% 34.91% 36.32% 37.54% 38.35% 39.11% 39.52% 39.68% 39.37% 38.74% 37.96% 36.82% 35.49% 34.74% 34.06% 33.59% 33.28% 33.07% 32.97% 32.87% 32.81% 32.76%


 
 
 
Milken Institute
Milken Institute analysis based on MEPS, NHIS, etc.
For more information refer to full report “An Unhealthy America: Economic Burden of Chronic Disease” or visit www.milkeninstitute.org